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Assessing the Supplementary Irrigation for Improving Crop Productivity in Water Stress Region using Spatial Hydrological Model

Publication Type : Journal Article

Campus : Coimbatore

School : School of Agricultural Sciences

Year : 2015

Abstract : Water stress during crop cultivation due to inconsistent rainfall is a common phenomenon in maize growing area of Shanmuganadi watershed, located in the semi-arid region of southern peninsular India. The objective is to estimate the supplementary irrigation required to improve the crop productivity during water stress period. Spatial hydrological model, Soil and Water Assessment Tool, has been applied to simulate the watershed hydrology and crop growth for rabi season (October–February) considering the rainfed and irrigated scenarios. The average water stress days of rainfed maize was 60 days with yield of 1.6 t/ha. Irrigated maize with supplementary irrigation of 93–126 mm was resulted in improved yield of 3.8 t/ha with 28 water stress days. The results also suggest that supplemental irrigation can be obtained from groundwater reserves and by adopting early sowing strategy can provide opportunities for improving water productivity in rainfed farming.

Cite this Research Publication : Manivasagam V. S., Assessing the supplementary irrigation for improving crop productivity in water stress region using the spatial hydrological model,2015

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