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Assessment of treatment outcome in tuberculosis patients approaching a tertiary care teaching hospital

Publisher : Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research

Campus : Kochi

School : School of Pharmacy

Year : 2018

Abstract :

Objectives: The main objectives of the study were to determine the treatment outcome of tuberculosis (TB) patients in a tertiary care hospital, factors associated with the success of treatment, the adverse drug reactions (ADRs) associated with anti-tubercular drugs, and the causality and severity evaluation of ADRs. Methods: It was a prospective study conducted for 10 months to evaluate the treatment outcome in TB patients in a tertiary care teaching hospital in Kerala, India. A total of 101 patients were studied as per the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Treatment outcome analyzed according to the WHO guidelines, causality and severity assessment was done by Naranjo and HARTWID-SIEGEL scale, respectively. A standardized data collection form was prepared, and necessary data were collected from patient’s medical records. Results: A total of 101 patients mostly in the age group of 30–50 years were male population dominates pulmonary TB (PTB) was seen in 57 (56.43%) extra PTB in 44 (43.57%) in which pleural effusion TB was common (34.09%) other types were lymph node TB (15.74%), spine TB, TB meningitis (9.09% each), bone TB (6.481%) treatment outcome found to be success in 85 (84%) 10 (10%)treatment completed 1 (1%) died 4 were defaulters, 1 not evaluated, 82 developed ADR. On causality assessment it was possible and severity of moderate level. Conclusion: By proper management and monitoring TB can be completely cured, and most of them have a favorable outcome with current treatment, and ADR can be managed by providing proper awareness of treatment modalities/disease. © 2018 The Authors.

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