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Assessment of various risk factors of breast cancer

Publisher : International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Campus : Kochi

School : School of Pharmacy

Department : Pharmacy Practice

Year : 2013

Abstract : Objectives: The main objectives of this study were to assess the various modifiable and non modifiable risk factors of breast cancer and to study the various chemotherapeutic regimens prescribed for the treatment of breast cancer. Methods: It was a prospective observational study carried out for 6 months (1st July-31st December 2012) at the department of medical oncology of Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, Kerala India. Total 180 patients who visited the department of medical oncology during the study period and who satisfied the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included in the study. A standardized data collection form was prepared and necessary data were collected from patients and/or caregivers. Results: The maximum numbers of patients were in the age group of 51-60.Most of the patients was postmenopausal and married. 73.88% patients were residing in urban area. 73.33% patients don't have any family history of cancer. Only 30 patients undergone hysterectomy and 150 were not. In this study out of 180 patients only 9(5%) had a history of HRT/OCT use. Majority of patients had hypertension as the co morbidity followed by diabetes mellitus.103 patients were obese. 51 patients had their first menarche at the age of 14 and gave their first child birth at an age of 25 and breast fed for an average of 2 years. Conclusion: Awareness of various risk factors of breast cancer will help in early detection of breast cancer and can save thousands of lives.

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