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Biomimetic Materials and Fabrication Approaches for Bone Tissue Engineering.

Publication Type : Journal Article

Thematic Areas : Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine

Publisher : Adv Healthc Mater

Source : Adv Healthc Mater, Volume 6, Issue 23 (2017)

Keywords : Animals, Biomimetic Materials, Bone and Bones, cell differentiation, Humans, porosity, Stem Cell Niche, Stem cells, tissue engineering, Tissue Scaffolds

Campus : Kochi

School : Center for Nanosciences

Center : Amrita Center for Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine Move, Nanosciences

Department : Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine

Year : 2017

Abstract : Various strategies have been explored to overcome critically sized bone defects via bone tissue engineering approaches that incorporate biomimetic scaffolds. Biomimetic scaffolds may provide a novel platform for phenotypically stable tissue formation and stem cell differentiation. In recent years, osteoinductive and inorganic biomimetic scaffold materials have been optimized to offer an osteo-friendly microenvironment for the osteogenic commitment of stem cells. Furthermore, scaffold structures with a microarchitecture design similar to native bone tissue are necessary for successful bone tissue regeneration. For this reason, various methods for fabricating 3D porous structures have been developed. Innovative techniques, such as 3D printing methods, are currently being utilized for optimal host stem cell infiltration, vascularization, nutrient transfer, and stem cell differentiation. In this progress report, biomimetic materials and fabrication approaches that are currently being utilized for biomimetic scaffold design are reviewed.

Cite this Research Publication : H. D. Kim, Amirthalingam, S., Kim, S. L., Lee, S. S., Dr. Jayakumar Rangasamy, and Hwang, N. S., “Biomimetic Materials and Fabrication Approaches for Bone Tissue Engineering.”, Adv Healthc Mater, vol. 6, no. 23, 2017.

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