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Changes In Left Ventricular Mass And Cardiac Function After Kidney Transplantation

Publication Type : Journal Article

Thematic Areas : Medical Sciences

Publisher : International Journal of Organ Transplantation Medicine

Source : International Journal of Organ Transplantation Medicine, 2017.

Campus : Kochi

School : School of Medicine

Department : Nephrology

Year : 2017

Abstract : Aims This study aimed to examine if the cardiac changes associated with uraemic cardiomyopathy are reversed by renal transplantation. Methods and results MEDLINE, Embase, OpenGrey, and the Cochrane Library databases were searched from 1950 to March 2020. The primary outcome measure was left ventricular mass index. Secondary outcome measures included left ventricular dimensions and measures of diastolic and systolic function. Studies were included if they used any imaging modality both before and after successful renal transplantation. Data were analysed through meta‐analysis approaches. Weight of evidence was assessed through the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation system. Twenty‐three studies used echocardiography, and three used cardiac magnetic resonance imaging as their imaging modality. The methodological quality of the evidence was generally poor. Four studies followed up control groups, two using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and two using echocardiography. Meta‐analysis of these studies indicated that there was no difference in left ventricular mass index between groups following transplantation {standardized mean difference −0.07 [95% confidence interval (CI) −0.41 to 0.26]; P = 0.67}. There was also no difference observed in left ventricular ejection fraction [mean difference 0.39% (95% CI −4.09% to 4.87%); P = 0.86] or left ventricular end‐diastolic volume [standardized mean difference −0.24 (95% CI −0.94 to 0.45); P = 0.49]. Inconsistent reporting of changes in diastolic dysfunction did not allow for any meaningful analysis or interpretation. Conclusions The evidence does not support the notion that uraemic cardiomyopathy is reversible by renal transplantation. However, the evidence is limited by methodological weaknesses, which should be considered when interpreting these findings.

Cite this Research Publication : S. Sreedharan, Anil Mathew, Paul, Z., Kurian, G., and Nair, R. R., “Changes In Left Ventricular Mass And Cardiac Function After Kidney Transplantation”, International Journal of Organ Transplantation Medicine, 2017.

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