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Combinatorial effect of plasma treatment, fiber alignment and fiber scale of poly (ε-caprolactone)/collagen multiscale fibers in inducing tenogenesis in non-tenogenic media

Publication Type : Journal Article

Thematic Areas : Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine

Publisher : Materials Science and Engineering C

Source : Materials Science and Engineering C, Volume 127, p.112206 (2021)

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Keywords : Fiber alignment, PCL/collagen multiscale fibers, Plasma Treatment, Surface Modification, Tendon tissue engineering, Tenogenesis

Campus : Kochi

School : Center for Nanosciences

Center : Nanosciences

Department : Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine

Year : 2021

Abstract : Tendon being a hypocellular, low vascularized tissue often requires assistance for restoration after complete tear. Tendon tissue engineering aims in the development of suitable scaffold that could support the regeneration of tendon after damage. The success of such scaffolds is dependent on its integration with the native tissue which in turn is influenced by the cell-material interaction. In this work aligned poly(ε-caprolactone)/collagen (PCL/collagen) multiscale fibers were developed and plasma treatment using argon, nitrogen and its combination was accessed for inducing tenogenic differentiation in mesenchymal stem cells. The developed fibers mimicked tendon extracellular matrix (ECM) which upon plasma treatment maintained moderate hydrophilicity. Oxygen and nitrogen containing groups were observed to be incorporated after argon and nitrogen treatment respectively. Statistically significant (p < 0.001) enhancement was observed in average and root mean square (RMS) roughness after plasma treatment with the maximum in argon treated fibers. Vitronectin was competitively (statistically significant, p < 0.05) adsorbed after argon and combination treatment whereas nitrogen treatment led to the competitive adsorption of fibronectin (statistically significant, p < 0.05). Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) showed enhanced proliferation and attachment on plasma treated fibers. Increased porosity due to the presence of sacrificial collagen nanofibers improved cell infiltration which was further enhanced upon plasma treatment. RhoA activation was observed (statistically significant, p < 0.05) on aligned PCL/collagen multiscale fibers and PCL microfibers, which proved its impact on tenogenic differentiation. Further enhancement in rhoA expression was observed on argon (p < 0.01) and combination plasma (p < 0.05) treated fibers. Tenogenic differentiation of hMSCs was enhanced (statistically significant) on argon plasma treated aligned fibers which was confirmed by the expression of scleraxis, mohawk (early markers) and tenomodulin (late marker) at protein level and mohawk, collagen I, collagen III (early markers), thrombospondin 4 and tenascin C (late markers) at gene level. Thus argon plasma treatment on aligned fibers is an effective method to induce tenogenesis even in non-tenogenic media.

Cite this Research Publication : Deepthi Sankar, Ullas Mony, and Dr. Jayakumar Rangasamy, “Combinatorial effect of plasma treatment, fiber alignment and fiber scale of poly (ε-caprolactone)/collagen multiscale fibers in inducing tenogenesis in non-tenogenic media”, Materials Science and Engineering C, vol. 127, p. 112206, 2021.

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