Back close

Coronary artery disease and its vascular associates in patients with chronic nonsurgical hypoparathyroidism

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : Wiley Online Library

Source : Clinical endocrinology. 2022;1-11

Url :

Campus : Kochi

School : School of Medicine

Year : 2022

Abstract : Objective Patients with chronic hypoparathyroidism (cHypoPT) are prone to intracranial-calcification, cataract and nephrocalcinosis. In this study, we systematically investigated the possibility of increased coronary artery calcification (CAC) and coronary artery disease (CAD) in them. Design Cross-sectional. Patients and Measurements Ninety-four nonsurgical cHypoPT (M:F = 50:44; age = 45 ± 15 years) with 18.6 ± 9.3 years of illness were assessed. Those with dyspnoea, angina, syncope, abnormal electrocardiogram, echocardiography or significant CAC underwent coronary angiography or myocardial-perfusion-stress imaging. Their lipid parameters and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) were compared with age-matched healthy controls (Group A, n = 101). The prevalence of CAC in cHypoPT was compared with that of subjects referred from cardiology-clinics (Group B, n = 148, age = 52 ± 11 years). Results One of 94 cHypoPT had known CAD. On screening, 17 cHypoPT required evaluation for CAD. Two of 17 had severe coronary stenosis, and 12 showed subclinical CAD. CAC and aortic-valve calcification occurred in 21.5% and 11.8%. Clinical and subclinical CAD, CAC and aortic-valve calcification in cHypoPT ≥50 years of age was 8.1%, 27.0%, 52.8% and 27.8%, respectively. Frequency of age-adjusted CAC was comparable between cHypoPT and control Group B (30.2% vs. 30.7%, p = .93). Elevated hsCRP was higher in cHypoPT than in controls A (52% vs. 32%, p < .01). Factors associated with CAD in cHypoPT were CAC and hypertension. However, CAD and CAC showed no association with long-term calcemic or phosphatemic control and intracranial-calcification in cHypoPT. Conclusions Clinical and subclinical CAD was observed in 3.2% and 12.8% of cHypoPT patients. The increased prevalence of CAD, CAC and aortic-valve calcification in cHypoPT above 50 years of age suggested their careful cardiac evaluation during follow-up.

Cite this Research Publication : Soma Saha, Rajiv Narang, Ravinder Goswami, Niraj Nirmal Pandey, Vibhav Sharma, Mani Kalaivani, Sakshi Sen, Devasenathipathy Kandasamy, Dinu S. Chandran, Kishore Kumar Deepak. "Coronary artery disease and its vascular associates in patients with chronic nonsurgical hypoparathyroidism". Clinical endocrinology. 2022;1-11

Admissions Apply Now