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Determinants of Quality of Life of Elderly in a Rural Population of Kerala, India

Publication Type : Journal Article

Thematic Areas : Medical Sciences

Publisher : NJRCM .

Source : NJRCM, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 46-51, 2016.

Keywords : Old age, Quality of life, Social determinants.

Campus : Kochi

School : School of Medicine

Department : Community Medicine

Year : 2016

Abstract : Objective: The aim of this study is to understand the social determinants of quality of elderly life in rural central India and describe their perspectives on various issues related to their quality of life. Materials and Methods: It was a community-based mixed-methods study in which quantitative (survey) method was followed by qualitative (Focus Group Discussion, FGD). The study was done in field practice area of a Rural Health Training Centre. We decided to interview all the elderly (>60 years) in two feasibly selected wards of village Anji by using the “WHO-Quality of Life (WHOQOL)-brief questionnaire.” We used WHOQOL syntax for the calculation of mean values of four domains. Following survey, four FGDs were carried out. Results: The determinants of perceived physical health, amenable for intervention were their currently working status, not being neglected by the family, and involvement in social activities. The determinants for psychological support were health insurance, and their current working status. The determinants for social relations were membership in social group and their present working status. The determinants for perceived environment were membership in social groups and relationship with the family members. In qualitative research, factors such as active life, social activity, spirituality, health care, involvement in decision making, and welfare schemes by the Government were found to contribute to better quality of elderly life. Problems or conflicts in family environment, lack of shelter and financial security, overtapped resources, and gender bias add to negative feelings in old age life. Conclusions: There is a need for intervention at social and family level for elderly friendly environment at home and community level.

Cite this Research Publication : Sobha George, Leelamoni, K., and Paul, N., “Determinants of Quality of Life of Elderly in a Rural Population of Kerala, India”, NJRCM, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 46-51, 2016.

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