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Publication Type : Journal Article
Publisher : SA J Radiol.
Source : SA J Radiol. 2021 Mar 5;25(1):2009. doi: 10.4102/sajr.v25i1.2009. PMID: 33824742; PMCID: PMC8008088.
Campus : Faridabad
Year : 2021
Abstract : Background: The use of computed tomography (CT) for estimation of split renal function (SRF) has been reported previously. However, most of these studies have small samples, and many do not account for the renal attenuation at CT. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) volumetry-attenuation-based SRF with that obtained via Tc99m-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) renal scintigraphy in voluntary renal donors. Methods: Between January 2017 and January 2020, 526 voluntary renal donors were enrolled prospectively. All donors underwent contrast CT and DTPA scan before surgery. The semiautomatic region of interest (ROI) tool was applied slice by slice on axial CT images acquired in the arterial phase. The renal contour was drawn semiautomatically with mouse clicks around the renal parenchyma, and the renal volume was ascertained. Using renal volume and attenuation, SRF was determined and compared with results obtained at DTPA imaging. Results: The mean age was 44.91 ± 10.97 years (mean ± s.d.). There was no significant difference in SRF based on DTPA and MDCT volumetry for the left kidney (49.18% ± 3.40% vs. 49.15% ± 3.38%, p = 0.540) and for the right kidney (50.82% ± 3.40% vs. 50.86% ± 3.39%, p = 0.358). A very good correlation was observed between the two methods for the left kidney (r = 0.953, p = 0.000) and the right kidney (r = 0.955, p = 0.000). On simple linear regression analysis, 90.8% of DTPA SRF values for the left kidney and 91.3% of DTPA SRF values for the right kidney could be predicted correctly using the corresponding MDCT SRF values. Conclusion: MDCT volumetry-attenuation-derived estimation of SRF for living renal donors could be an alternative to renal scintigraphy-based SRF estimation.
Cite this Research Publication : Lal H, Singh A, Prasad R, Yadav P, Akhtar J, Barai S, Mishra P, Bhadauria D, Kaul A, Prasad N, Verma P. Determination of split renal function in voluntary renal donors by multidetector computed tomography and nuclear renography: How well do they correlate? SA J Radiol. 2021 Mar 5;25(1):2009. doi: 10.4102/sajr.v25i1.2009. PMID: 33824742; PMCID: PMC8008088.