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Development and Evaluation of 5-fluorouracil Loaded Chitin Nanogels for Treatment of Skin Cancer

Publication Type : Journal Article

Thematic Areas : Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine

Publisher : Carbohydrate Polymers

Source : Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 91, pp. 48-51, 2013.

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Keywords : 5-fluorouracil, antineoplastic agent, Antineoplastic Agents, apoptosis, article, Biological Transport, Cell Line, chemistry, chitin, Dermatology, drug carrier, Drug Carriers, drug effect, fluorouracil, gel, Gels, human, Humans, Materials Testing, Melanoma, metabolism, Nanogels, nanomaterial, Nanostructured materials, Nanostructures, Oncology, pathology, permeability, skin, Skin cancers, Skin Neoplasms, skin tumor, toxicity, Transdermal drug delivery, transport at the cellular level, Tumor, tumor cell line

Campus : Kochi

School : Center for Nanosciences, School of Pharmacy

Center : Amrita Center for Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine Move, Nanosciences

Department : Nanosciences, Pharmacology

Verified : Yes

Year : 2013

Abstract : This study focuses on development and evaluation of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) loaded chitin nanogels (FCNGs). It formed good, stable aqueous dispersion with spherical particles in 120-140 nm size range and showed pH responsive swelling and drug release. The FCNGs showed toxicity on melanoma (A375) in a concentration range of 0.4-2.0 mg/mL, but less toxicity toward human dermal fibroblast (HDF) cells by MTT assay. Confocal analysis revealed uptake of FCNGs by both cells. From skin permeation experiments, FCNGs showed almost same steady state flux as that of control 5-FU but the retention in the deeper layers of skin was found to be 4-5 times more from FCNGs. Histopathological evaluation revealed loosening of the horny layer of epidermis by interaction of cationically charged chitin, with no observed signs of inflammation and so FCNGs can be a good option for treatment of skin cancers. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Cite this Research Publication : Dr. Sabitha M., N. Rejinold, S., Nair, A., Lakshmanan, V. - K., Nair, S. V., and Dr. Jayakumar Rangasamy, “Development and Evaluation of 5-fluorouracil Loaded Chitin Nanogels for Treatment of Skin Cancer”, Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 91, pp. 48-51, 2013.

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