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Effect of reactive compatibilisation on the phase morphology and tensile properties of PA12/PP blends

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : Journal of Applied Polymer Science

Source : Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Volume 99, Number 5, p.2640-2660 (2006)

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Keywords : Blends, Miscibility, Morphology, reactive processing, tensile properties

Campus : Amritapuri

School : School of Biotechnology

Department : biotechnology

Year : 2006

Abstract : Abstract Both uncompatibilized and compatibilized blends based on polyamide 12 (PA12) and isotactic polypropylene (PP) were prepared in a Brabender Plastograph®. The compatibiliser used was maleic anhydride functionalized polypropylene (PP-g-MA). Phase morphology of the blends was inspected in scanning electron microscope (SEM) on cryogenically fractured etched surfaces of the specimens. PA12/PP blends possessed a nonuniform and unstable morphology owing to the incompatibility between their constituents. Addition of compatibiliser improved the interfacial characteristics of the blends by retarding the rate of coalescence. So, the phase morphology became more fine, uniform, and stable. Tensile properties of both uncompatibilized and compatibilized blends were measured as a function of blend composition and compatibiliser concentration. Uncompatibilized blends displayed inferior mechanical properties to compatibilized ones; especially for those containing 40–60 wt % of PP. Reactive compatibilisation of blends was found to be efficient and improved the tensile strength of the blends considerably. Addition of PP-g-MA improved the interfacial adhesion, decreased the interfacial tension, and thereby, enhanced the tensile strength by 85%. Finally, various models were adopted to describe the tensile strength of the blends. The experimental data exhibited a reasonably good fit with Nielsen's first power law model. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2006

Cite this Research Publication : S. Jose, Dr. Sobha V. Nair, Thomas, S., and Karger-Kocsis, J., “Effect of reactive compatibilisation on the phase morphology and tensile properties of PA12/PP blends”, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 99, pp. 2640-2660, 2006

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