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Effect of Sec62 on the conformation of the Sec61 channel in yeast

Publication Type : Journal Article

Source : Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)Volume 1864, Issue 12, 1 December 2022, 184050

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Campus : Coimbatore

School : School of Engineering

Verified : Yes

Year : 2020

Abstract : Most eukaryotic secretory and membrane proteins are funneled by the Sec61 complex into the secretory pathway. Furthermore, some substrate peptides rely on two essential accessory proteins, Sec62 and Sec63, being present to assist with their translocation via the Sec61 channel in post-translational translocation. Cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) recently succeeded in determining atomistic structures of unbound and signal sequence-engaged Sec complexes from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, involving the Sec61 channel and the proteins Sec62, Sec63, Sec71 and Sec72. In this study, we investigated the conformational effects of Sec62 on Sec61. Indeed, we observed in molecular dynamics simulations that the conformational dynamics of lateral gate, plug and pore region of Sec61 are altered by the presence/absence of Sec62. In molecular dynamics simulations that were started from the cryo-EM structures of Sec61 coordinated to Sec62 or of apo Sec61, we observed that the luminal side of the lateral gate gradually adopts a closed conformation similar to the apo state during unbound state simulations. In contrast, it adopts a wider conformation in the bound state. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the conformation of the active (substrate-bound) state of the Sec61 channel shifts toward an alternative conformation in the absence of the substrate. We suggest that the signal peptide holds/stabilizes the active state conformation of Sec61 during post-translational translocation. Thus, our study explains the effect of Sec62 on the co

Cite this Research Publication : Pratiti Bhadra a, Karin Römisch b, Volkhard Helms, "Chakraborty, S., Ravikumar, A. Substrate induced electronic phase transitions of CrI3 based van der Waals heterostructures.", Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)Volume 1864, Issue 12, 1 December 2022, 184050

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