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Efficacy of per oral access in the surgical management of T2/T3 oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States)

Source : Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States), Volume 147, Number 6, p.1069-1075 (2012)

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Keywords : adult, article, cancer size, cancer surgery, Carcinoma, cheek mucosa, evaluation, female, free tissue graft, human, Humans, major clinical study, medical record review, mouth, Mouth Neoplasms, mouth squamous cell carcinoma, mouth tumor, pathology, Retrospective Studies, retrospective study, Squamous Cell, squamous cell carcinoma, surgical approach, tongue, Tongue Neoplasms, tongue tumor, Tumor Burden, tumor volume

Campus : Kochi

School : School of Medicine

Department : Head & Neck Surgery

Year : 2012

Abstract : Objective. Transcutaneous ''access'' procedures still continue to be widely employed for surgical management of mediumsized (T2, T3) oral cavity tumors in spite of the almost 4-cm mouth opening available to the surgeon to access the oral cavity. We undertook a retrospective study to objectively evaluate ''per oral access'' in managing these tumors with regard to the ability to achieve a clear surgical margin and enable reconstruction of resultant defect. Study Design. Case series with chart review. Setting. Tertiary academic hospital. Subjects and Methods. Seventy-nine consecutive patients of oral squamous cell carcinoma excised by per oral approach were analyzed. Multiple patient- and tumor-related factors known to influence status of surgical margins were analyzed. The overall frequency of clear, close, and involved margins was noted, as well as 5-year local control rate. The method of reconstruction employed was evaluated. Results. The close/involved margins were more frequent with larger tumors and tumors exhibiting perineural infiltration, but none were statistically significant (P . .12). The overall frequency of clear, close, and involved margins was 81%, 11%, and 8%, respectively. Tongue and buccal mucosa sites constituted approximately 85% of the cases and had an 85% clear margin rate. Five-year local control rate was 70.35%. Fifty-three free flaps reconstruction were undertaken without any additional ''access'' procedure. Conclusion. Our results demonstrate ability to obtain comparable tumor clearance rates employing per oral access, without compromising ability to perform optimal reconstruction. We suggest per oral access should be the access of choice for medium-sized oral cavity tumors, and additional access procedures should only be considered if the initial access proves inadequate. © American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation 2012.

Cite this Research Publication : A. Ja Battoo, Thankappan, Kb, Ahmad, S. Zb, Hedne, Nc, Balasubramanian, Db, Trivedi, Nc, Iyer, Sb, and Kuriakose, M. Ac, “Efficacy of per oral access in the surgical management of T2/T3 oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma”, Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States), vol. 147, pp. 1069-1075, 2012.

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