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Evaluation of Hybrid Fiber Multiscale Polymer Composites for Structural Confinement under Cyclic Axial Compressive Loading

Publication Type : Journal Article

Source : Journal Compos. Sci. 2023, 7(4), 152

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Keywords : epoxy, MWCNT, sisal fiber, basalt fiber, multiscale composites, confinement, retrofitting, cyclic axial compression

Campus : Coimbatore

School : School of Engineering

Department : Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science

Verified : No

Year : 2022

Abstract : Fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) confinement is recognized as the most promising technique for the strengthening and retrofitting of concrete structures. In order to enhance the performance of conventional epoxy-based FRP composites, nano filler modification of the epoxy matrix was implemented in the current study. In particular, the cyclic loading response of standard concrete specimens externally confined by epoxy-based natural and hybrid fiber reinforced polymer systems was investigated. The confinements were realized with sisal fiber reinforced polymer (SFRP) and hybrid sisal basalt fiber reinforced polymer (HSBFRP). Moreover, the effects of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) were also investigated. Three different specimen sets were considered for study: (i) unconfined specimens, (ii) epoxy-based FRP confined specimens and (iii) MWCNT incorporated epoxy-based FRP confined specimens. The specimens were tested in repeated compressive mode in loading-unloading cycles at increasing displacement levels. The test results revealed that FRP wrapping could enhance the mechanical behavior of unconfined columns in terms of strength and ductility. Moreover, it was evident that the mechanical properties of the epoxy matrix were enhanced by MWCNT incorporation. The developed epoxy-based FRP confinement containing MWCNT ensures improvement in axial strength by 71% when compared with unconfined specimens. The epoxy-based FRP confinement, with and without MWCNT, exhibited a high strain redistribution behavior around the concrete core. In comparison to the unconfined specimens, the confinement could increase the sustained axial strain from 0.6 to 1.4% using epoxy-based FRP confinement and to 1.6% with MWCNT incorporated epoxy-based FRP confinement. Further, an empirical model was developed to predict the ultimate axial stress of concrete columns confined externally with FRP jackets. The ultimate compressive strength obtained from the experimental study was compared with the proposed model, and the observed deviation was lower than 1%.

Cite this Research Publication : Lakshmi Joseph, Mini K. Madhavan, Karingamanna Jayanarayanan, Alessandro Pegoretti "Evaluation of Hybrid Fiber Multiscale Polymer Composites for Structural Confinement under Cyclic Axial Compressive Loading", Journal Compos. Sci. 2023, 7(4), 152;

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