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High prevalence and low awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in Asian Indian women

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : Nature Publishing Group

Source : Journal of human hypertension, Nature Publishing Group, Volume 26, Number 10, p.585–593 (2012)

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Campus : Kochi

School : School of Medicine

Year : 2012

Abstract : Hypertension is an important public health problem in India. To determine its prevalence, awareness, treatment and control among women, we performed a nationwide study. Population-based studies among women aged 35–70 years were performed in four urban and five rural locations. Stratified sampling was performed and we enrolled 4608 (rural 2604 and urban 2004) of the targeted 8000 (57%). Demographic details, medical history, diet, physical activity, anthropometry and blood pressure (BP) were recorded. Descriptive statistics are reported. Logistic regression was performed to determine the association of hypertension and its awareness, treatment and control with socioeconomic factors. Age-adjusted prevalence of hypertension (known or BPgreater than or equal to140/greater than or equal to90 mm Hg) was observed in 1672 women (39.2%) (rural 746, 31.5%; urban 926, 48.2%). Significant determinants of hypertension were urban location, greater literacy, high dietary fat, low fibre intake, obesity and truncal obesity (P0.01). Hypertension awareness was noted in 727 women (42.8%), more in urban (529, 56.8%) than in rural (198, 24.6%). Of these, 38.6% of the women were on treatment (urban 35.7, rural 46.5) and of those treated, controlled blood pressure (140 and 90 mm Hg) was observed in 21.5% (urban 28.3 vs 10.2). Among hypertensive subjects, treatment was noted in 18.3% (rural 13.1, urban 22.5) and control in 3.9% (rural 1.3, urban 5.9). A significant determinant of low awareness, treatment and control was rural location (multivariate-adjusted P0.05). There is a high prevalence of hypertension in middle-aged Asian Indian women. Very low awareness, treatment and control status are observed.

Cite this Research Publication : R. Gupta, Pandey, R. M., Misra, A., Agrawal, A., Misra, P., Dey, S., RAO, S., Menon, V. U., Kamalamma, N., Devi, K. P. Vasantha, and , “High prevalence and low awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in Asian Indian women”, Journal of human hypertension, vol. 26, pp. 585–593, 2012.

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