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Hydrogels: A potential platform for induced pluripotent stem cell culture and differentiation

Publication Type : Journal Article

Thematic Areas : Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine

Publisher : Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces,

Source : Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, Volume 207, p.111991 (2021)

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Keywords : hydrogel, iPSC, Regenerative medicine, Scaffolds, tissue engineering

Campus : Kochi

School : Center for Nanosciences

Center : Amrita Center for Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine Move, Nanosciences

Department : Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine

Year : 2021

Abstract : Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) can be used to generate desired types of cells that belong to the three germ layers (i.e., ectoderm, endoderm and mesoderm). These cells possess great potential in regenerative medicine. Before iPSCs are used in various biomedical applications, the existing xenogeneic culture methods must be improved to meet the technical standards of safety, cost effectiveness, and ease of handling. In addition to commonly used 2D substrates, a culture system that mimics the native cellular environment in tissues will be a good choice when culturing iPS cells and differentiating them into different lineages. Hydrogels are potential candidates that recapitulate the native complex three-dimensional microenvironment. They possess mechanical properties similar to those of many soft tissues. Moreover, hydrogels support iPSC adhesion, proliferation and differentiation to various cell types. They are xeno-free and cost-effective. In addition to other substrates, such as mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF), Matrigel, and vitronectin, the use of hydrogel-based substrates for iPSC culture and differentiation may help generate large numbers of clinical-grade cells that can be used in potential clinical applications. This review mainly focuses on the use of hydrogels for the culture and differentiation of iPSCs into various cell types and their potential applications in regenerative medicine.

Cite this Research Publication : M. R. Poorna, Dr. Jayakumar Rangasamy, Jyh -PingChen, and Ullas Mony, “Hydrogels: A potential platform for induced pluripotent stem cell culture and differentiation”, Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, vol. 207, p. 111991, 2021.

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