Back close

Interaction of chitin/chitosan with salivary and other epithelial cells-An overview.

Publication Type : Journal Article

Thematic Areas : Medical Sciences, Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine

Publisher : Int J Biol Macromol

Source : Int J Biol Macromol, Volume 104, Issue Pt B, p.1398-1406 (2017)

Keywords : Animals, chitin, chitosan, Epithelial Cells, Humans, Salivary Glands, tissue engineering

Campus : Kochi

School : Center for Nanosciences, School of Medicine

Center : Nanosciences

Department : Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine

Year : 2017

Abstract : Chitin and its deacetylated form, chitosan, have been widely used for tissue engineering of both epithelial and mesenchymal tissues. Epithelial cells characterised by their sheet-like tight cellular arrangement and polarised nature, constitute a major component in various organs and play a variety of roles including protection, secretion and maintenance of tissue homeostasis. Regeneration of damaged epithelial tissues has been studied using biomaterials such as chitin, chitosan, hyaluronan, gelatin and alginate. Chitin and chitosan are known to promote proliferation of various embryonic and adult epithelial cells. However it is not clearly understood how this activity is achieved or what are the mechanisms involved in the chitin/chitosan driven proliferation of epithelial cells. Mechanistic understanding of influence of chitin/chitosan on epithelial cells will guide us to develop more targeted regenerative scaffold/hydrogel systems. Therefore, current review attempts to elicit a mechanistic insight into how chitin and chitosan interact with salivary, mammary, skin, nasal, lung, intestinal and bladder epithelial cells.

Cite this Research Publication : S. Vijaykumar Patil and S Y Nanduri, L., “Interaction of chitin/chitosan with salivary and other epithelial cells-An overview.”, Int J Biol Macromol, vol. 104, no. Pt B, pp. 1398-1406, 2017.

Admissions Apply Now