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Ionic solubility and solutal advection governed augmented evaporation kinetics of salt solution pendant droplets

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : Physics of Fluids

Source : Physics of Fluids, 30(1), 012113.

Url :

Campus : Coimbatore

School : School of Artificial Intelligence - Coimbatore

Year : 2018

Abstract : The presence of dispersed inclusions is known to modify the interfacial characteristics in liquids by adsorption–desorption of the ions at interfaces. The present article reports the influencing role of dissolved ions in a polar fluid on its evaporation dynamics. The evaporation dynamics of pendant droplets of aqueous solutions of variant simple salts and concentrations have been experimentally studied. The presence of salts is observed to enhance the evaporation rate (obeying the classical D2 law), and the enhancement has been found to hold a direct proportionality to the concentration of the dissolved salt. Furthermore, it is observed that the degree of enhancement in the evaporation rate is also directly proportional to the solubility of the salt in question. The phenomenon is explained based on the chemical kinetics and thermodynamics of hydration of the ionic species in the polar fluid. The classical evaporation rate constant formulation is found to be inadequate in modeling the enhanced species transport. Additional probing via particle image velocimetry reveals augmented internal circulation within the evaporating salt based drops compared to pure water. Mapping the dynamic surface tension reveals that a salt concentration gradient is generated between the bulk and periphery of the droplet and it could be responsible for the internal advection cells visualized. A thermo-solutal Marangoni and Rayleigh convection based mathematical formulation has been put forward, and it is shown that the enhanced solute-thermal convection could play a major role in enhanced evaporation. The internal circulation mapped from experiments is found to be in good quantitative agreement with the model predictions. Scaling analysis further reveals that the stability of the solutal Marangoni convection surpasses the thermal counterpart with higher salt concentration and solubility. The present article sheds insight into the possible domineering role of conjugate thermohydraulic and mass transport phenomena on the evaporation kinetics aqueous droplets with ionic inclusions.

Cite this Research Publication : Jaiswal, V., Harikrishnan, A. R., Khurana, G., & Dhar, P. (2018). "Ionic solubility and solutal advection governed augmented evaporation kinetics of salt solution pendant droplets". Physics of Fluids, 30(1), 012113.

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