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Multicolor Emitting N/S-doped Carbon Dots as a Fluorescent Probe for Imaging Pathogenic Bacteria and Human Buccal Epithelial Cells

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : Mikrochim Acta

Campus : Coimbatore

School : School of Engineering

Department : Sciences

Year : 2019

Abstract : Carbon dots co-doped with nitrogen and sulfur (NSCDs) were obtained from thiourea and TAE (Tris-acetate-ethylenediamine) buffer using microwave assisted hydrothermal synthesis. The synergistic presence of nitrogen and sulfur as a dopant results in teasing fluorescence properties and a fluorescence quantum yield of 57%. An HR-TEM study showed the NSCDs to be mono-dispersed and seemingly spherical with an average hydrodynamic diameter of 3.6 ± 0.88 nm. The NSCDs are nontoxic as proven by an MTT assay for cytotoxicity. The optical characterization was done by using UV-Vis absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy which revealed excitation wavelength-dependent multicolor emissions. The characterization of surface topology was done by using X-ray diffraction, FTIR, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The NSCDs were used to image various pathogenic bacteria (E. coli, Klebsiella, Pseudomonas & Staphylococcus) and human buccal epithelial cells by applying multicolor fluorometry. Graphical abstract Schematic presentation of microwave-assisted hydrothermal synthesis of nitrogen and sulfur doped carbon dots (NSCD) based on Thiourea and 50X Tris-acetate-ethylenediamine (TAE) buffer having multicolor fluorescence, used for tagging and imaging pathogenic bacteria and Human buccal epithelial cells using fluorescence microscope.

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