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Nano Filler Incorporated Epoxy based Natural Hybrid Fiber Confinement of Concrete Systems: Effect of Fiber Layers and Nano Filler Addition

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : Elsevier

Source : Structures, Volume 51, May 2023, Pages 320-331

Url :

Campus : Coimbatore

School : School of Engineering

Department : Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science

Verified : Yes

Year : 2023

Abstract : The utilization of environment friendly materials in the construction industry is essential for sustainable development. For the purpose of strengthening and retrofitting concrete structures, fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composites have been predominantly used. In the area of structural strengthening, as an alternative to synthetic fiber reinforced composites, the application of natural fiber reinforced composites is of immense interest. This study discusses the mechanical properties of externally strengthened concrete cylinders using a natural hybrid fiber system with two layers of sisal fiber sheets followed by 1 to 3 layers of basalt fiber sheets. In addition, the effect of multi walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) incorporation in the epoxy matrix from 0.5 to 1.5 wt%, on the various properties are analyzed. The inclusion of MWCNT in the epoxy matrix improved the overall performance of the FRP significantly. The results show that there is substantial improvement in mechanical properties up to 1 wt% MWCNT content in composites, beyond which it is reduced due to agglomeration of nanofiller. The MWCNT incorporated epoxy based five layered hybrid sisal basalt FRP confined specimens showed an improvement of 114% and 427% in peak strength and strain values under axial compressive strength tests. Moreover, the axial compressive behavior, stress–strain response, energy absorption and ductility characteristics of the confined column specimens were evaluated. The major focus of the study is to assess the influence of basalt FRP layers on the ultimate load carrying capacity and performance of hybrid sisal basalt FRP (HSBFRP) confined specimens. Statistical analysis of variance (ANOVA) was carried out and revealed that the number of FRP layers and addition of MWCNT in epoxy significantly affect the overall performance. The addition of basalt fiber layers in hybrid sisal basalt FRP systems is found to improve the load carrying capacity and energy absorption characteristics of confined specimens. Therefore, HSBFRP confinement can be used in areas where moderate strength and greater ductility is commanded.

Cite this Research Publication : Lakshmi Joseph, Eluri Kalyana Chakravarthi, Sarath Kumar P, Karingamanna Jayanarayanan, Mini K.M "Nano filler incorporated epoxy based natural hybrid fiber confinement of concrete systems: Effect of fiber layers and nano filler addition", Structures, Volume 51, May 2023, Pages 320-331

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