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Nanocurcumin and arginine entrapped injectable chitosan hydrogel for restoration of hypoxia induced endothelial dysfunction.

Publication Type : Journal Article

Thematic Areas : Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine

Publisher : Int J Biol Macromol

Source : Int J Biol Macromol, Volume 166, p.471-482 (2021)

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Campus : Kochi

School : Center for Nanosciences

Center : Amrita Center for Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine Move, Nanosciences

Department : Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine

Year : 2021

Abstract : Hypoxia is a condition that gradually leads to ischemic damages in organs which is marked by poor tissue perfusion. Depending on the severity of the condition, revascularisation therapies are needed for reducing the risk of organ dysfunction. This study was aimed at developing an injectable nanocurcumin and arginine incorporated chitosan hydrogel (nC/R) that can prevent hypoxia induced endothelial damage. The prepared hydrogel has shear thinning, stable and injectable nature. The (nC and nC/R) hydrogels showed significant antioxidant activity and biodegradation in vitro. The release of curucmin and arginine from the nC/R was found to be higher at acidic pH, which predominates in an ischemic site. To mimic low oxygen environment, an in vitro hypoxic endothelial dysfunction model was developed which showed decreased expressions of phosphorylated eNOS (serine 1177) when compared to the cells cultured in normoxic condition. In vitro tube formation assay demonstrated the protective effect of nC/R towards hypoxia induced reduction of tube width. The nC/R hydrogel was found to enhance phosphorylation of eNOS at serine 1177 site in cultured endothelial cells subjected to hypoxia. Therefore, nC/R hydrogel could effectively deliver both curcumin and arginine and therapeutically reduce the effect of hypoxia induced endothelial dysfunction.

Cite this Research Publication : A. Mohandas and Dr. Jayakumar Rangasamy, “Nanocurcumin and arginine entrapped injectable chitosan hydrogel for restoration of hypoxia induced endothelial dysfunction.”, Int J Biol Macromol, vol. 166, pp. 471-482, 2021.

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