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Novel Chitin and Chitosan Nanofibers in Biomedical Applications

Publication Type : Journal Article

Thematic Areas : Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine

Publisher : Biotechnology Advances

Source : Biotechnology Advances, Volume 28, Number 1, p.142-150 (2010)

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Keywords : Antibacterial coatings, antimicrobial activity, biodegradation, bioengineering, biofiltration, Biomedical applications, Biomedical fields, Biomedical Technology, Biopolymers, Biosensing Techniques, Biosensors, chitin, Chitin-chitosan, chitosan, Chitosan nanofibers, Coatings, Drug delivery, drug delivery system, Drug Delivery Systems, drug prescribing, filtration, genetic procedures, High surface area, human, Humans, medical technology, methodology, nanofiber, Nanofibers, Novel applications, Novel techniques, polymer, Porous materials, review, sensor, Separation membranes, Stent coatings, tissue engineering, Tissue engineering scaffold, Wound dressings, Wound healing

Campus : Kochi

School : Center for Nanosciences

Center : Amrita Center for Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine Move, Nanosciences

Department : Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine

Year : 2010

Abstract : Chitin and its deacetylated derivative, chitosan, are non-toxic, antibacterial, biodegradable and biocompatible biopolymers. Due to these properties, they are widely used for biomedical applications such as tissue engineering scaffolds, drug delivery, wound dressings, separation membranes and antibacterial coatings, stent coatings, and sensors. In the recent years, electrospinning has been found to be a novel technique to produce chitin and chitosan nanofibers. These nanofibers find novel applications in biomedical fields due to their high surface area and porosity. This article reviews the recent reports on the preparation, properties and biomedical applications of chitin and chitosan based nanofibers in detail.

Cite this Research Publication : Dr. Jayakumar Rangasamy, Prabaharan, Mb, Nair, S. Va, and Tamura, Hc, “Novel Chitin and Chitosan Nanofibers in Biomedical Applications”, Biotechnology Advances, vol. 28, pp. 142-150, 2010.

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