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Predictors of seizure outcome following resective surgery for drug-resistant epilepsy associated with focal gliosis.

Publisher : J Neurosurg

Campus : Kochi

School : School of Medicine

Department : Neurology

Year : 2018

Abstract : OBJECTIVE The authors studied the clinical characteristics and postoperative outcomes of drug-resistant epilepsy associated with focal gliosis. METHODS From their epilepsy surgery database, the authors selected the patients with drug-resistant epilepsy and MRI-defined focal gliosis who underwent focal resective surgery. All patients underwent standard presurgical evaluation. Intracranial electroencephalography (EEG) was performed in patients with discordant presurgical data, ill-defined lesions, and lesions close to eloquent regions. Completeness of resection was defined on the basis of extraoperative and intraoperative electrocorticography studies. Favorable postoperative outcome was defined as Engel class I outcome during the last 2 years of follow-up. RESULTS Sixty-six patients fulfilled inclusion criteria. An initial precipitating injury was present in 38 (57.6%) patients, mainly in the form of perinatal injury (n = 10), trauma (n = 10), and meningoencephalitis (n = 8). Gliosis involved a single lobe in 38 (57.6%) patients and 2 adjacent lobes in 14 (21.2%) patients; the remaining 14 (21.2%) patients had multilobar gliosis. In patients with unilobar or bilobar gliosis, the posterior region of the head was involved in 34 (65%) patients and the frontal lobes in 12 (23%) patients. During a median follow-up of 4 years (range 2-9 years), 41 (62.1%) patients had favorable outcome. On multivariate analysis, the presence of a well-defined aura (p = 0.019), electrocorticographically defined completeness of resection (p = 0.024), and normal postoperative EEG findings at 1 year (p = 0.003) were predictive of favorable postoperative seizure outcome. CONCLUSIONS Focal gliosis is a common etiology for drug-resistant extratemporal epilepsy in developing countries and is most often located in the posterior region of the head. The majority of these patients have perinatal injuries or neurological infections as initial precipitating injuries. Patients with focal gliosis have good postoperative seizure outcomes after well-planned resective surgery.

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