Back close

Preparation, characterization and efficacy of lysostaphin-chitosan gel against Staphylococcus aureus

Publication Type : Journal Article

Thematic Areas : Medical Sciences, Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine

Publisher : International Journal of Biological Macromolecules

Source : International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, Elsevier B.V. (2018)

Url :

Campus : Kochi

School : Center for Nanosciences, School of Medicine

Center : Amrita Center for Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine Move, Nanosciences

Department : Microbiology, Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine

Year : 2008, 2018

Abstract : Lysostaphin (LST) is a bacteriocin that cleaves within the pentaglycine cross bridge of Staphylococcus aureus peptidoglycan. Previous studies have reported the high efficiency of LST even against multi drug resistant S. aureus including methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA). In this study, we have developed a new chitosan based hydrogel formulation of LST to exploit its anti-staphylococcal activity. The atomic interactions of LST with chitosan were studied by molecular docking studies. The rheology and the antibacterial properties of the developed LSTC gel were evaluated. The developed LST containing chitosan hydrogel (LSTC gel) was flexible, flows smoothly and remains stable at physiological temperature. The in vitro studies by agar well diffusion and ex vivo studies in porcine skin model exhibited a reduction in S. aureus survival by ∼3 Log10CFU/mL in the presence of LSTC gel. The cytocompatibility of the gel was tested in vitro using macrophage RAW 264.7 cell line and in vivo in Drosophila melanogaster. A gradual disruption of S. aureus biofilms with the increase of LST concentrations in the LSTC gel was observed which was confirmed by SEM analysis. We conclude that LSTC gel could be highly effectual and advantageous over antibiotics in treating staphylococcal-topical and biofilm infections.

Cite this Research Publication : S. Nithya, Nimal, T. R., Baranwal, G., Suresh, M. K., C.P., A., V. Kumar, A., Dr. Gopi Mohan C., Dr. Jayakumar Rangasamy, and Dr. Raja Biswas, “Preparation, Characterization and Efficacy of Lysostaphin-chitosan Gel Against Staphylococcus Aureus”, International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 2018.

Admissions Apply Now