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Process Optimization of Functionalized MWCNT/Polyetherimide Nanocomposites for Aerospace Application

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : Journal of Materials and Design

Source : Journal of Materials and Design, Volume 127, p.193-203 (2017)

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Campus : Coimbatore

School : Department of Aerospace Engineering, School of Engineering

Center : Center for Excellence in Advanced Materials and Green Technologies

Department : Aerospace, Chemical

Year : 2017

Abstract : Polyetherimide (PEI) is a high performance thermoplastic polymer that retains its properties at elevated and cryogenic temperatures. Nanofiller reinforced PEI used in aerospace structures will substantially reduce the payload. This study attempts to optimize nanofiller content and process parameter for melt compounding of PEI/acid (single bondCOOH) functionalized MWCNTs (Multi-walled Carbon Nanotube) nanocomposite using Response surface methodology (RSM). Face Centered Central Composite Design (FCCD) with two factors viz. MWCNT content and extrusion screw speed at three levels each is used to model and optimize nanocomposite properties relevant to aerospace applications. FTIR spectrum confirmed the functionalization of MWCNTs while morphological analysis confirmed the dispersion of MWCNTs. COOH-MWCNTs reinforced composite showed enhanced thermal and mechanical properties along with better retention of properties upon exposure to gamma irradiation and atomic oxygen. These properties were modeled with non-linear quadratic equations using regression analysis and verified by validation experiments. Optimization for performance of nanocomposites for aerospace application has been revealed by overlapping the contour plots within the practical constraints to recognize the combination of factor ranges.

Cite this Research Publication : Shantanu Bhowmik, Mohan Kumar Pitchan, Dr. Meera Balachandran, and Abraham, M., “Process Optimization of Functionalized MWCNT/Polyetherimide Nanocomposites for Aerospace Application”, Journal of Materials and Design, vol. 127, pp. 193-203, 2017.

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