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Quality of life 5 years following liver transplantation

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : Indian Journal of Gastroenterology

Source : Indian Journal of Gastroenterology 2021 40(4), pp. 353-360, DOI: 10.1007/s12664-021-01180-w

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Keywords : LTD QOL; Live donor liver transplant; Liver transplant database questionnaire; Metabolic complications; Quality of life; Questionnaire; Renal dysfunction.

Campus : Kochi

School : School of Pharmacy

Year : 2021

Abstract : Background: Data on quality of life (QOL) among liver transplant recipients from India is scarce. We conducted a prospective assessment of QOL and incidence of complications 5 years following liver transplantation (LT). Methods: Demographic data of 130 patients (M:F = 98:32, mean age 38.4 ± 14.9 years) who had completed at least 5 years after LT were collected and the incidence of new onset metabolic complications and renal dysfunction was analyzed. Liver transplant database (LTD QOL) questionnaire was given to 100 patients and scoring was done on five QOL domains. This was compared to a historical cohort from the liver transplant database of three transplant centres from North America, who had completed the same questionnaire before and 1 year after LT. Results: The incidence of new onset dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, renal dysfunction, hypertension and overweight/obesity was 43%, 26.7%, 25%, 16.4% and 15.4%, respectively. Although ethanol-related cirrhosis was the etiology for transplant in 38%, recidivism was not evident in any recipient in this cohort even after 5 years. Significant improvement in QOL was observed in all five domains, namely measures of disease (p=0.001), psychological status (p=0.001), personal function (p=0.001), social and role function (p=0.001) and general health perception (p=0.001) in our patients 5 years after transplant compared to historical data. Conclusion: Although metabolic disease is common after LT, there is significant improvement in long-term QOL. Recidivism appeared to be rare in our study population.

Cite this Research Publication : Raju, S., Mathew, J.S., Sudhindran, S., Padma, U.D. Quality of life 5 years following liver transplantation, Indian Journal of Gastroenterology 2021 40(4), pp. 353-360, DOI: 10.1007/s12664-021-01180-w

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