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Role of Nanostructured Biopolymers and Bioceramics in Enamel, Dentin and Periodontal Tissue Regeneration

Publication Type : Journal Article

Thematic Areas : Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine

Publisher : Progress in Polymer Science

Source : Progress in Polymer Science, Volume 38, Number 10-11, p.1748-1772 (2013)

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Keywords : Bioactive glass, Bioactivity, Bioceramics, Biomolecules, Biopolymers, Bone regeneration, Ceramics, Dental tissue engineering, Dental tissue regeneration, Dentin, Enameling, Enamels, Histology, Hydrogels, Nanocrystals, Nanofibers, Nanorods, Nanostructured materials, Physiological condition, Polymers, Regenerative medicine, Scaffolds, Scaffolds (biology), Stability, Stem cells, Structural stabilities, Tissue, Tissue regeneration

Campus : Kochi

School : Center for Nanosciences, School of Dentistry

Center : Amrita Center for Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine Move, Nanosciences

Department : Periodontics, Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine

Year : 2013

Abstract : Tissue engineering approach focuses on the regeneration of deficient or damaged tissues of the body. Regeneration of dental tissues is considered as a promising therapeutic approach in dental tissue engineering. Engineering the environment for developing tissues comprises of biomaterials, growth factors, stem cells and regulation of physiological conditions in a spatial and temporal manner. To enhance the structural stability and bioactivity of polymers, a wide variety of nanomaterials are being utilized in dental regenerative medicine. Nanostructured biopolymers in the form of scaffolds, hydrogels, nanofibers, dendrimers, films, etc. and nanostructured bioceramics such as hydroxyapatite, bioactive glass ceramic/bioglass, etc. in the form of nanoparticles, nanocrystals, nanorods, paste, etc. are being exploited in the simultaneous regeneration of hard and soft tissues of the human body. In the dental area, these different forms closely mimic the natural constituents and framework of the dental tissues, namely enamel, dentin and periodontium. Overall this review essentially focuses on the role of polymeric and ceramic nanomaterials in the area of dental tissue engineering, highlighting their specific applications in enamel, dentin and periodontal regeneration. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Cite this Research Publication : Sowmya Srinivasan, Bumgardener, J. D., Chennazhi, K. P., Nair, S. V., and Dr. Jayakumar Rangasamy, “Role of Nanostructured Biopolymers and Bioceramics in Enamel, Dentin and Periodontal Tissue Regeneration”, Progress in Polymer Science, vol. 38, pp. 1748-1772, 2013.

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