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Role of polyphenols in diet and nutrition – An updated review

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : Current Nutrition and Food Science

Source : Current Nutrition and Food Science, Volume 5, Number 2, p.149-159 (2009)

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Keywords : alpha tocopherol, Animalia, antiinflammatory activity, antineoplastic activity, antioxidant activity, apigenin, ascorbic acid, black tea extract, breast cancer, Cancer prevention, cancer risk, carotenoid, Catechin, Colon cancer, coumaric acid, daidzein, diabetes mellitus, diet supplementation, epicatechin, epicatechin gallate, epigallocatechin gallate, flavonoid, flavonol, food intake, gallic acid, gallocatechin, genistein, grape, grape juice, Grape seed extract, green tea extract, hesperidin, human, ischemic heart disease, kaempferol, luteolin, myricetin, naringenin, neuroprotection, nonhuman, oxidative stress, pelargonidin, polyphenol derivative, priority journal, procyanidin, prostate cancer, quercetin, red wine, resveratrol, review, risk reduction, rosmarinic acid, tea, thrombocyte aggregation inhibition, unindexed drug, wine

Campus : Kochi

School : School of Medicine

Department : Biochemistry

Year : 2009

Abstract : Polyphenols constitute one of the most numerous and ubiquitous groups of plant metabolites and are an integral part of both human and animal diets. The main polyphenol dietary sources are fruit and beverages (wine, tea, coffee, chocolate and beer) and to a lesser extent vegetables, dry legumes and cereals. Dietary polyphenols are mostly derivatives and/or isomers of flavones, isoflavones, flavonols, catechins and phenolic acids, and possess various biological properties. Research on the effects of dietary polyphenols on human health has developed strongly and supports a role for polyphenols in the prevention of degenerative diseases, particularly cardiovascular diseases, anti-inflammation, antiatherosclerosis, cardiovascular protection, improvement of the endothelial function, as well as inhibition of angiogenesis and cell proliferation activity. This paper covers the elaborate literature on the subject, and highlights the functions and protective effects of dietary polyphenols. © 2009 Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.

Cite this Research Publication : D. M. Vasudevan, Swarnava Mukherjee, and Das, S. K., “Role of polyphenols in diet and nutrition - An updated review”, Current Nutrition and Food Science, vol. 5, pp. 149-159, 2009.

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