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Seed Priming: A Feasible Strategy to Enhance Drought Tolerance in Crop Plants

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : IJMS

Source : IJMS

Campus : Coimbatore

School : School of Agricultural Sciences

Year : 2022

Abstract : Drought is a serious threat to the farming community, biasing the crop productivity in arid and semi-arid regions of the world. Drought adversely affects seed germination, plant growth, and development via non-normal physiological processes. Plants generally acclimatize to drought stress through various tolerance mechanisms, but the changes in global climate and modern agricultural systems have further worsened the crop productivity. In order to increase the production and productivity, several strategies such as the breeding of tolerant varieties and exogenous application of growth regulators, osmoprotectants, and plant mineral nutrients are followed to mitigate the effects of drought stress. Nevertheless, the complex nature of drought stress makes these strategies ineffective in benefiting the farming community. Seed priming is an alternative, low-cost, and feasible technique, which can improve drought stress tolerance through enhanced and advanced seed germination. Primed seeds can retain the memory of previous stress and enable protection against oxidative stress through earlier activation of the cellular defense mechanism, reduced imbibition time, upsurge of germination promoters, and osmotic regulation. However, a better understanding of the metabolic events during the priming treatment is needed to use this technology in a more efficient way. Interestingly, the review highlights the morphological, physiological, biochemical, and molecular responses of seed priming for enhancing the drought tolerance in crop plants. Furthermore, the challenges and opportunities associated with various priming methods are also addressed side-by-side to enable the use of this simple and cost-efficient technique in a more efficient manner.

Cite this Research Publication : Vishvanathan Marthandan, Rathnavel Geetha, Karunanandham Kumutha, Vellaichamy Gandhimeyyan Renganathan, Adhimoolam Karthikeyan, Jegadeesan Ramalingam Seed Priming: A Feasible Strategy to Enhance Drought Tolerance in Crop Plants.2022.IJMS.

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