## Symmetric Gauss Legendre quadrature formulas for composite numerical integration over a triangular surface

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : Applied Mathematics and Computation

Source : Applied Mathematics and Computation, Elsevier, Volume 188, Issue 1, Number 1, p.865–876 (2007)

Campus : Bengaluru

School : School of Engineering

Department : Mathematics

Year : 2007

Abstract : This paper first presents a Gauss Legendre quadrature method for numerical integration of View the MathML source, where f(x, y) is an analytic function in x, y and T is the standard triangular surface: {(x, y)∣0 ⩽ x, y ⩽ 1, x + y ⩽ 1} in the Cartesian two dimensional (x, y) space. We then use a transformation x = x(ξ, η), y = y(ξ, η ) to change the integral I to an equivalent integral View the MathML source, where S is now the 2-square in (ξ, η) space: {(ξ, η)∣ − 1 ⩽ ξ, η ⩽ 1}. We then apply the one dimensional Gauss Legendre quadrature rules in ξ and η variables to arrive at an efficient quadrature rule with new weight coefficients and new sampling points. We then propose the discretisation of the standard triangular surface T into n2 right isosceles triangular surfaces Ti (i = 1(1)n2) each of which has an area equal to 1/(2n2) units. We have again shown that the use of affine transformation over each Ti and the use of linearity property of integrals lead to the result:where View the MathML source and x = xi(X, Y) and y = yi(X, Y) refer to affine transformations which map each Ti in (x, y) space into a standard triangular surface T in (X, Y) space. We can now apply Gauss Legendre quadrature formulas which are derived earlier for I to evaluate the integral View the MathML source. We observe that the above procedure which clearly amounts to Composite Numerical Integration over T and it converges to the exact value of the integral View the MathML source, for sufficiently large value of n, even for the lower order Gauss Legendre quadrature rules. We have demonstrated this aspect by applying the above explained Composite Numerical Integration method to some typical integrals.

Cite this Research Publication : H. T. Rathod, Dr. B. Venkatesh, and Nagaraja K V, “Symmetric Gauss Legendre quadrature formulas for composite numerical integration over a triangular surface”, Applied Mathematics and Computation, vol. 188, no. 1, pp. 865–876, 2007.