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Synthesis of C2-C4 diols from bioresources: Pathways and metabolic intervention strategies

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : Bioresource Technology 

Source : Bioresource Technology (2021): 126410 (IF 11.889)

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Campus : Kochi

School : School of Biotechnology

Department : biotechnology

Year : 2021

Abstract : Diols are important platform chemicals with extensive industrial applications in biopolymer synthesis, cosmetics, and fuels. The increased dependence on non-renewable sources to meet the energy requirement of the population raised issues regarding fossil fuel depletion and environmental impacts. The utilization of biological methods for the synthesis of diols by utilizing renewable resources such as glycerol and agro-residual wastes gained attention worldwide because of its advantages. Among these, biotransformation of 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PDO) and 2,3-butanediol (2,3-BDO) were extensively studied and at present, these diols are produced commercially in large scale with high yield. Many important isomers of C2-C4 diols lack natural synthetic pathways and development of chassis strains for the synthesis can be accomplished by adopting synthetic biology approaches. This current review depicts an overall idea about the pathways involved in C2-C4 diol production, metabolic intervention strategies and technologies in recent years.

Cite this Research Publication : Alphy, Maria Paul, Sulfath Hakkim Hazeena, Mohan Binoop, Aravind Madhavan, K. B. Arun, Narisetty Vivek, Raveendran Sindhu, Mukesh Kumar Awasthi, and Parameswaran Binod. "Synthesis of C2-C4 diols from bioresources: Pathways and metabolic intervention strategies." Bioresource Technology (2021): 126410 (IF 11.889)

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