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Synthesis of Linear JTFA-Based Response Spectra for Structural Response and Seismic Reduction Measures for North-East India

Publication Type : Journal Article

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Campus : Coimbatore

School : School of Engineering

Year : 2020

Abstract : North-East India (NEI) has a long history of devastating earthquakes due to the complicated tectonic setting of the region. A shortage of sufficient recorded time-histories from the region calls for a synthesis of accelerograms for dynamic analyses. In this study, a novel Joint Time-Frequency Analysis (JTFA) technique is adopted for the synthesis of accelerograms, considering the non-stationary behavior of earthquake waves. JTFA is used for analyzing the signals in a joint time and frequency domain to better understand its characteristics and synthesize signals without compromising its inherent characteristics like frequency content and amplitude. Synthetic accelerograms are developed using JTFA techniques for different magnitude and distance ranges between 5 to 6.8 and 0–480km and response spectra are developed. Synthesized generalized accelerograms and their response spectra are compared with actual signals in the same magnitude-distance ranges and were found to match. A comparison of the frequency contents of actual and synthetic signals was also carried out using Fourier Transforms and spectrograms (SPs) and was found to be in good agreement. Further, a comparative study of various earthquake reduction measures for NEI is carried out for a scenario earthquake using the synthesized data, and the best suitable structural input for the region is recommended.

Cite this Research Publication : Deepa Devaraj, Ramkrishnan R., Prabu T., S. Kolathayar, T. G. Sitharam (2020), “Synthesis of Linear JTFA Based Response Spectra for Structural Response and Seismic Reduction Measures for North-East India”, Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami.

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