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Technologies for disinfection of food grains: Advances and way forward

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : Food Research International 

Source : Food Research International (2021): 110396 (7.424).

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Campus : Kochi

School : School of Biotechnology

Department : biotechnology

Year : 2021

Abstract : Growing demand from the consumers for minimally processed and high-quality food products has raised the scientific quest for foods with improved natural flavours in conjunction with a restricted supplement of additives. In this context, achieving quality and safe food grains and the identification of suitable processing and disinfection technologies have also become the key issues. Microbial contamination is one of the major reasons responsible for the spoilage of food grains. Various sources of contamination such as air and water (both contaminated with dust and dirt), animals (insects, birds, rodents), environmental conditions (rainfall, drought, temperature), unhygienic handling, harvesting, processing equipment and improper storage conditions are responsible for the microbial spoilage of food grains. In order to maintain the food grains safe and un-contaminated, several food processing technologies have been explored and implemented, with the ultimate purpose of maintaining the safety, freshness and nutritional attributes of the food products. Among these technologies, microwave, radiofrequency, infrared, ohmic heating, novel drying methods along with non-thermal methods such as cold plasma, irradiation, ozonation and nanotechnology have attracted much attention because of considerable reduction in the overall processing time with minimum energy consumption. This review aims to discuss the advances involving the said technologies for controlling the microbial contamination of food grains in accordance with their inactivation. Current research status of the thermal and non-thermal emerging technologies for the preservation of food grains as well as perspectives for further research in this area are also elaborated in detail.

Cite this Research Publication : Sirohi, Ranjna, Ayon Tarafdar, Vivek Kumar Gaur, Shikhangi Singh, Raveendran Sindhu, Reshmy Rajasekharan, Aravind Madhavan, Parameswaran Binod, Sunil Kumar, and Ashok Pandey. "Technologies for disinfection of food grains: Advances and way forward." Food Research International (2021): 110396 (7.424).

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