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Transforming Growth Factor- beta 1 Modulates Adenylyl Cyclase Signaling Elements and Epidermal growth factor signaling in Cardiomyocytes

Publication Type : Journal Article

Thematic Areas : Biotech

Publisher : Wiley Online Library

Source : Journal of cellular physiology, Wiley Online Library, Volume 164, Number 2, p.232–239 (1995)

Campus : Amritapuri

School : School of Biotechnology

Center : Cell Biology

Department : biotechnology

Year : 1995

Abstract : Studies presented in this report were designed to investigate the effects of transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) on epidermal growth factor (EGF)-mediated stimulation of cAMP accumulation in cardiac myocytes and elucidate the mechanism(s) involved in this modulation. TGF-beta 1 (20 pM) treatment of cardiac myocytes, in a time-dependent manner, decreased the ability of EGF (100 nM) to increase cAMP accumulation. Significant attenuation of EGF-elicited cAMP accumulation was observed 2 h after exposure to TGF-beta 1 and 18 h after addition of TGF-beta 1, the ability of EGF to increase cAMP accumulation was completely obliterated. TGF-beta 1 neither decreased immunoprecipitable EGF receptors in membranes from cardiomyocytes nor altered the specific binding of [125I]EGF to cardiomyocyte membranes. However, TGF-beta 1 decreased the ability of EGF to phosphorylate membrane proteins on tyrosine residues. TGF-beta 1 treatment of cardiomyocytes also decreased the ability of forskolin to augment cAMP accumulation in intact cells and stimulate adenylyl cyclase activity. Similarly, in membranes of TGF-beta 1-treated cells, neither isoproterenol nor EGF stimulated adenylyl cyclase activity. Interestingly, as assessed by the ability of A1F4- to stimulate adenylyl cyclase, TGF-beta 1 did not alter the coupling between Gs and catalytic subunits. Likewise, TGF-beta 1 did not alter the functional activity of the inhibitory regulatory element of the system, Gi. Western analysis of cellular proteins revealed that TGF-beta 1 did not alter the amounts of Ga alpha, Gi alpha 2, and Gi alpha 3. We conclude that TGF-beta 1 attenuates EGF-elicited cAMP accumulation in cardiomyocytes, in part, by decreasing the EGF receptor kinase function and that TGF-beta 1-mediated alterations in the activity of adenylyl cyclase catalytic subunit also contribute toward the regulation of adenylyl cyclase by various agonists.

Cite this Research Publication : Dr. Bipin G. Nair, Yiming Yu, Hani M. Rashed, Hui Sun, and Tarun B Patel, “Transforming growth factor- beta 1 modulates adenylyl cyclase signaling elements and epidermal growth factor signaling in cardiomyocytes”, Journal of cellular physiology, vol. 164, pp. 232–239, 1995

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