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ZnS buffer layer for Cu2ZnSn (SSe) 4 monograin layer solar cell

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : Pergamon

Source : Solar Energy Volume 111 Pages 344-349, 2015

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Campus : Coimbatore

School : School of Physical Sciences

Year : 2015

Abstract : Copper zinc tin sulfo-selenide Cu2ZnSn(SSe)4 (CZTSSe) is a low-cost alternative semiconductor material that can be used as an absorber in solar cells. CdS deposited by chemical bath deposition (CBD) is the most efficient buffer layer for Cu2ZnSn(SSe)4 and Cu(InGa)(SSe)2 (CIGS) solar cells. However, there is a strong demand for the development of a Cd-free buffer layer due to the toxicity of Cd and its associated concerns with respect to the disposal and long term safety of Cd containing solar modules. In this work, we report for the first time, the successful use of a ZnS buffer layer for CZTSSe monograin solar cell that shows similar functionality level as a CdS buffer layer. ZnS buffer layer was deposited onto CZTSSe absorber layer by employing a scalable non-vacuum CBD method. The effect of morphology, thickness, as well as chemical composition of the ZnS buffer layer on the efficiency of the CZTSSe solar cell was investigated, and the best CZTSSe monograin solar cell had an efficiency of 4.50 (±0.16)%. External quantum efficiency (EQE) showed higher transmission in the blue light region for the ZnS buffer compared to CdS. Increased number of ZnS layers decreased the EQE signal in 400–800 nm regions, resulting in decreased J–V parameters, suggesting a single layer of 10–25 nm ZnS as a most efficient alternative buffer for CZTSSe.

Cite this Research Publication : Mai Nguyen, Kaia Ernits, Kong Fai Tai, Chin Fan Ng, Stevin Snellius Pramana, Wardhana A Sasangka, Sudip K Batabyal, Timo Holopainen, Dieter Meissner, Axel Neisser, Lydia H Wong, "ZnS buffer layer for Cu2ZnSn (SSe) 4 monograin layer solar cell", Solar Energy Volume 111 Pages 344-349, 2015

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