Back close

Wireless Soil Sensor Network for Automated Irrigation and Fertilization

Start Date: Friday, Dec 01,2017

End Date: Wednesday, Jan 31,2018

Thematic Area: Agriculture & Risk Management

Project Incharge:Dr. B. Soundharajan
Project Incharge:Dr. Rekha Manoj
Co-Project Incharge:Manoj Guleria, Aneena John Panicker, Rayappa Raja S.R
Wireless Soil Sensor Network for Automated Irrigation and Fertilization

Thematic Area: Agriculture & Risk Management

Project Guides: Dr. B. Soundarajan and Dr. Rekha Manoj

International Partner: Mathew Falcone, University at Buffalo, U.S.

Amrita Partner: Manoj Guleria, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Aneena John Panicker, and Rayappa Raja S.R., Department of Civil Engineering

Village: Dewgain, Jharkhand


Project Duration: 1 month (also part of Live-in-Labs® 5th semester course)

Identified Challenge & Aim:

Farmers have been unable to meet irrigation requirements during the summer months in Dewgain due to insufficient availability of water. This has lead to low crop yields and a drastic decrease in income during these months. This project examines alternative methods for water conservation and management of available water resources via wireless sensor networks and is a continuation of Traditional Irrigation Systems on Agricultural Outcome


The Study/Innovation:

Before heading the the field, the student team met with the project guides to clearly plan out the additional data they wanted to collect and the subsequent methodology. After consulting villagers, the team chose an experimental site with the aim of testing two independent variables: the type of irrigation (rainwater, channel, or drip) and the method of determining irrigation frequency. The team did a site survey of the village and surrounding agricultural areas, searching for distinct soil types by visual observation of soil color, texture, and land use. The team then conducted sensor tests on several sites throughout Dewgain, with a focus on the area around the experimental plot.

After several brainstorming sessions, the team felt it was important to create awareness among villagers on new technologies in farming such as drip or diffuser methods to use water efficiently. After inputs from the villagers, students came up with a design of an Internet of Things (IoT) framework to improve agriculture yield by effectively scheduling irrigation and fertilization based on a crop’s water requirements, the surrounding environmental conditions, and daily weather forecasts.


Publication: In progress

Addresses Sustainable Development Goals:

Related Projects

Development of Bronze Alloys and Comparison of Their Mechanical and Wear Properties
Development of Bronze Alloys and Comparison of Their Mechanical and Wear Properties
C. elegans as a Model to Develop Anti-helmintic Strategies in Solid Waste Management
C. elegans as a Model to Develop Anti-helmintic Strategies in Solid Waste Management
The Discovery of MicroRNAs (miRNAs) that Regulate the Expression of Gelatinase A (Matrix metalloproteinase-2/MMP-2) and B (Matrix metalloproteinase-9/MMP-9) in Colon Cancer Cells
The Discovery of MicroRNAs (miRNAs) that Regulate the Expression of Gelatinase A (Matrix metalloproteinase-2/MMP-2) and B (Matrix metalloproteinase-9/MMP-9) in Colon Cancer Cells
Amrita Smart Energy Systems and Solutions
Amrita Smart Energy Systems and Solutions
Translational signal analysis evaluating brain-heart connection using complexity methods
Translational signal analysis evaluating brain-heart connection using complexity methods
Admissions Apply Now