The center owns an electric vehicle that is getting geared up into an autonomous vehicle. The center aims at developing full autonomy with cognitive perception and decision-making capabilities which includes developing sophisticated deep learning, computer vision, and navigational algorithms.
Autonomous cars, also known as self-driving cars or driverless cars, can operate and navigate without human intervention. They use a combination of sensors, lidars, cameras, radar, and advanced computer systems to perceive their environment, make decisions, and control the vehicle.
The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) has defined six levels of autonomy for vehicles, ranging from no automation to full automation (Level 0 to Level 5). Autonomous cars rely on sensor technologies such as lidar, radar, cameras, GPS, and ultrasonic sensors to gather information about their surroundings.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) and machine learning algorithms are used to analyze sensor data, make real-time decisions, and improve driving capabilities over time. Autonomous cars have the potential to increase safety by reducing human errors, improve efficiency by optimizing routes and reducing congestion, and offer increased accessibility and convenience.
Challenges for autonomous cars include technological limitations in extreme weather conditions, complex urban environments, regulatory and legal frameworks, cybersecurity concerns and ethical considerations in decision-making. While fully autonomous vehicles are still being developed and tested, many driver-assist features and semi-autonomous systems are already available in modern cars.
The development of autonomous cars has the potential to transform the transportation industry and reshape the way we travel. Continued research, development, and collaboration between automotive companies, technology firms, and regulatory bodies are crucial for the advancement and safe deployment of autonomous cars.