Course Title: 
Ground Water Hydrology
Course Code: 
Year Taught: 
Undergraduate (UG)
School of Engineering

'Ground Water Hydrology' is a course offered in B. Tech. in Civil Engineering program at School of Engineering, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham.

Unit 1

Occurrence of ground water: origin - rock properties affecting ground water vertical distribution - geologic formations as aquifers - types of aquifers - aquifer parameters - ground water basins - springs - Laplace equation - potential flow lines - flow net – flownet for anisotropic soils - seepage under a dam - groundwater contours - determination of flow direction - steady unidirectional flows in aquifers - confined and unconfined - aquifer with percolation - steady radial flow towards a well - well in uniform flow - steady flow with uniform discharge - partially penetrating wells - steady flow in leaky aquifer.

Unit 2

Unsteady flow - general equation - Cartesian and polar coordinate - unsteady radial flow in to a well - confined, unconfined and leaky aquifers – multiple well system - pumping tests – non-equilibrium equation for pumping tests - Thies’ method - Jacob method - Chow’s method - characteristics well losses – step draw down test - well near aquifer boundaries - determination of boundaries from pumping test. Image wellsfor various boundary conditions - Cavity well and open well - yield tests - pumping and recuperation test.

Unit 3

Tube wells: design - screened wells - gravel packed wells - well loss - selection of screen size - yield of a well - test holes - well logs - methods of construction - dug wells - shallow tube wells - deep wells - gravity wells - drilling in rocks - screen installation - well completion - well development - testing wells for yield - collector - or radial wells - infiltration galleries - well point system - failure of tube wells.

Ground water investigation methods.


  • Raghunath, H. M., “Ground Water”, New Age International, 2007.
  • Karanth, K. “Groundwater Assessment, Development and Management”, Tata McGraw Hill, 2003.


  • Todd, D. K. and Mays. L. W., “Ground Water Hydrology”, Wiley India, 2011.
  • Garg S. P., “Ground Water and Tube wells”, Oxford & IBH, 1993.
  • Raghunath H. M., “Hydrology: Principles, Analysis and Design”, New Age International Publishers, 2006.