Origin, Extraction and Testing of petroleum.
Petroleum - Origin, nature, composition, classification, exploration, drilling,
transportation and storage. Petroleum processing - Nature of crude from India,
Indonesia, Burma and Middle East countries, classification of crude, evaluation of
petroleum - Important properties and test methods T.B.P. and ASTM distillation.
Refining of Petroleum - Dewatering and desalting - Primary Oil refining - Treatments
of crude - Topping, vacuum distillation.
Thermal cracking, visbreaking and coking, catalytic cracking, fluid bed and hydro
cracking, reforming, chemical reforming and catalytic reforming, polymerization,
alkylation, hydrogenation isomerisation, cyclization.
Treatment processes: Sweatening, desalting, hydrogen treatment, hydrodesulfurisation
process, solvent extraction of kerosene, stabilization of gasoline. Lube oil
manufacture - solvent dewaxing, solvent extraction, propane deasphalting, and
treatment, clay treatment, hydro finishing, hydrotreatment, lube oil, additives and
Petroleum products: LPG Motor spirit, aviation gasoline, kerosene, aviation turbine
fuel, white spirit, and solvents, diesel fuel, gas oil, fuel oil, petroleum coke, petroleum
waxes, lubricating oil and bitumen. Petrochemicals - Olefines, acetylene, propylene,
butadiene, isoprene, aromatics, benzene, xylene etc. Methanol, formaldehyde,
chloromethane, ethylene oxide, ethanol amine, acetone, cumene, phenol, styrene,