MSc Nursing

Anju Philip T. currently serves as Associate Professor and acting Head of the Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecologic Nursing, College of Nursing, Health Sciences Campus, Kochi.


  • 2002 – 2006 : B.Sc. Nursing (Basic)
    MG University
    SME -University College of Nursing – Kottayam
  • 2008 – 2010 : M.Sc. Nursing (Obstetrics & Gynaecologic Nursing)
    Dr. M. G. R. Medical University
    Shanmuga College of Nursing -Salem- Tamil Nadu


Year Affiliation
01-02-2020 to Present Associate Professor, Amrita College of Nursing
03-05-2013 to 31-01-2020 Assistant Professor, Amrita College of Nursing
3-05-2010 to 3-05-2013 Lecturer - Amrita College of Nursing
28-05-2007 to 28-05-2008 Staff Nurse - Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre

Membership in Professional Organization

  1. Trained Nurses Association of India


Publication Type: Journal Article

Year of Publication Title


K. SA, T, A. Philip, Mohan,, and R, S., “Assess the Knowledge and Risk Factors among Pregnancy Induced Hypertension among Antenatal Mothers”, Indian Journal Public Health Res Dev , vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 443- 446, 2020.[Abstract]

Background of the Study: Hypertension, complicating 5-10% of all pregnancies worldwide, is a leading cause of maternal and fetal morbidity. The control of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) appears difficult to achieve. Part of the reason for poor control of hypertension in these women might be limited PIH self-care knowledge. Objective: to assess the knowledge and risk factors of PIH among antenatal mothers and to find out the association between knowledge and risk factors with selected demographic variables. Materials and Method: Study was conducted on 110 antenatal mothers attending in Gynecologic OPD, AIMS, Kochi, Kerala. The research design used was non experimental descriptive design. Result: The present study reveals that more than half of the mothers (63.6%) had average knowledge regarding PIH. Half of the mothers had the risk factors of family history of hypertension (50%) and followed by 32.7% had the habit of high non vegetarian food intake. A statistically significant association was observed for education and knowledge and comorbidities and knowledge of antenatal mothers. Significant association was found in risk factors and comorbidities of antenatal mothers. Conclusion: The finding of the study shows that antenatal mothers had average knowledge related to PIH. Health care providers should implement the focused health education programme during antenatal visit

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A. Philip T, R., N., John, J., C.S., B., Vettom, A., Thomas, L., and Kanjamattathil, J., “Practices and Problems Related to Breastfeeding among Mothers of Under-Five Children”, Medico Legal Update, 2020.[Abstract]

Objective: The purpose of present study is to identify the practice and problems related to breastfeeding among the mothers of under five children .
Design: A quantitative, descriptive survey design
Setting: Paediatric In Patient and Out Patient Department at AIMS, Kochi, Kerala, India.
Subjects: Convenience sampling was used to select 60 mothers of under-five children .
Method: Semi structured interview schedule was used to assess the breast feeding practices among mothers of under-five children and Checklists to assess breast feeding problems and factors influencing breast feeding practices among mothers of under-five children.
Result: Majority of mothers (90%) given colostrum. 53.3% had given exclusive breast feed while thirty seven mothers 46% opted formula feed and 26.7% had given expressed breast milk during the first six months of life. 48.3% mothers feed their baby completely from one breast before offering the other. 70% offered alternate breast during next feed, 43.3% taken dietary modifications and supplements to increase breast milk. Most of the mothers 58.35% initiated breast feeding after two hours. Majority of mothers 46.7% had complaints of problems related to biting during breast feeding. Out of sixty mothers twenty one (35%) reported inadequate breast milk production as a problem during feeding, 30% faces problems related to breast engorgement. Conclusion: WHO recommended the exclusive breast feeding up to 6 months. But the present study shows that 46.7% of the mothers initiated formula fed before six months and of 90% of mothers fed colostrum. Hence there is a need to educate mothers about exclusive breast feeding up to 6 months.

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B. O. M. Manjula, P., A. K., and T, A. Philip, “Effectiveness of an organized play session among hospitalized children and parents’ attitude”, Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 137-142, 2018.[Abstract]


To assess the effectiveness of an organized play session on reaction of children to hospitalization and parental attitude towards play among hospitalized children between the age group of six to twelve years.


The research design of the study was Quasi experimental conducted among 44 hospitalized children and their parents. Sample selected by convenience sampling method and the study was conducted at Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Center, Kochi, Kerala. Study instruments included an interview schedule to assess the reaction of children to hospitalization, a 5 point Likert scale to asses the parental attitude towards organized Play session among their hospitalized children and observational checklists used to determine the level of participation of children during play session for four consecutive days. Data was collected for six weeks.


All children 100%(44) showed severe reaction to hospitalization before the intervention. After the play session, reaction was reduced to a moderate level among 31.8%(14) of children. The parental attitude towards play activities of their hospitalized children are significantly varied, that is 81.8% (36) had favorable attitude towards play before the intervention and in post test it was improved to 97.7%(43). Significant association was found between parental attitude towards play and their educational status. (x2 =4.42, p=0.01).


The study concludes that it is necessary to plan a conducive environment to hospitalized children, recruit nursing personnel with appropriate skills and training with techniques in conducting organized developmentally appropriate play sessions as a rehabilitation measure in pediatric wards.

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S. A. T., T, A. Philip, and Sarika T. K., “Effectiveness of Prenatal Education Regarding Practice on Antenatal Exercises and Minor Ailments among Pregnant Mothers”, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, vol. 12, no. 9, pp. QC01-QC04, 2018.[Abstract]

Introduction: Antenatal excersises are essential aspect of antenatal care in most settings and these have a powerful and positive contribution to pregnancy when applied correctly.

Aim: To find out the effectiveness of prenatal education regarding practice of antenatal exercises and prelevance of minor ailments during the third trimester among pregnant mothers.

Materials and Methods: A Quasi experimental pre-test–posttest control group study was conducted among 60 antenatal women (30 in control and 30 in experimental) between 28-30 weeks of gestation attending obstetrics and gynaecology OPD, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and research centre, Kochi, Kerela, India. The antenatal women were selected by using nonprobability convenience sampling technique and the data was collected using a self reported checklist to assess the practice of exercise and a self administered rating scale to assess the level of minor ailments experienced by antenatal mothers. On day-1, pre-test measure of minor ailments were done. Then prenatal education regarding antenatal exercises was given to the mothers in experimental group. During follow up visit, on day-14, re-teaching was given. The practice of antenatal exercise was assessed using a self reported check list and the minor ailments of antenatal mothers was assessed using rating scale on day-28. Statistical Analysis was done by using mean, frequency, percentage and paired t-test.

Results: Out of 60 antenatal mothers, majority of the mothers were within the age group of 18-25 years. The mean post-test score of practice in control group was (24.63+4.5) and the mean post-test score in experimental group was (66.3+8.4) and it is significant at the level of p-value <0.001. The mean post-test score of minor ailments in control group was (33.1±1.47) and in experimental group (25.27±2.12). Noticeably the comparison between mean post-test score of minor ailments shows statistically significant difference at the level of p< 0.001 .

Conclusion: Performing exercise during pregnancy helps the mother to be healthy and free from minor ailments.

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A. Mary Nelson, Viswanath, L., and T, A. Philip, “Awareness and Predictors of PCOD among Undergraduate Students”, Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 18-22, 2017.[Abstract]

Polycystic ovarian Disease(PCOD) is one of the most common endocrine diseases in women of reproductive ages. It is a syndrome classically characterized by features of anovulation combined with signs of androgen excess. The purpose of this study was to assess the awareness of PCOD and predictors of PCOD present in undergraduate students. Present study was based on the Health Belief Model. A quantitative research approach with descriptive research design was used. The settings of the study were St. Xavier's College for women, Aluva and St. Theresa's College, Ernakulam. By using cluster sampling method, 150 undergraduate students were selected from each college with a total of 300 students. A self administered questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge of PCOD and a checklist to assess the predictors of PCOD. Data analysis was done by using descriptive and inferential statistics. The study results showed that 48% of students had poor level of awareness regarding PCOD. The major risk factors identified were Waist- Hip ratio > 0.80 (97%). Among the subjects 22% reported manifestations suggestive of PCOD. There was a statistically significant association found between branch of education and awareness of PCOD (P<0.05). From the study result, it is evident that awareness regarding PCOD is inadequate and high prevalence of risk factors and manifestations are seen among this age group. © 2017, Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. All rights reserved.

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R. Margret Mathew, T, A. Philip, and Sreejamol M. G., “Perceived postpartum stress and coping strategies among postnatal mothers at aims, Kochi”, Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 116-119, 2017.[Abstract]

Objectives: The present study aimed to identify the perceived postpartum stress among postnatal mothers, identify coping strategies adopted by postnatal mothers, find out correlation between the level of perceived postpartum stress and coping strategies among postnatal mothers and find out the association between the level of perceived postpartum stress and demographic variables.Methods: A quantitative descriptive study was conducted among 100 postnatal mothers. Convenience sampling technique was used. Hung postpartum stress scale and coping strategies inventory short form were used for the assessment of postpartum stress and coping strategies.Results: Among the 100 participants, 63% of the postnatal mothers had mild stress, 33% had moderate stress, and only 4% had severe stress. Majority of the mothers were used problem-focused engagement as a coping strategy. There was a positive correlation found between the level of perceived postpartum stress and coping strategies such as emotion-focused engagement and emotion-focused disengagement. There was significant association found between the level of perceived postpartum stress and demographic variables such as age, education, length of marriage, status of pregnancy, method of baby feeding, pregnancy events, intrapartum events, birth weight of baby, child birth experience, status of newborn, and postpartum events.Conclusion: The high proportion and severity of postpartum stress observed among this study group proves that postpartum stress is common and cannot be ignored.

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S. L. C, V, L., and T, A. Philip, “Menopausal problems among post menopausal women”, Journal of south Asian federation of Menopausal societies, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 7-12, 2016.


S. Shiju, Sreelakshmi, M. S., Varghese, S., Thomas, S. Mathew, and T, A. Philip, “Effectiveness of Information Booklet on Immunosuppressant Therapy after Organ Transplantation among Students.”, International Journal of Advances in Nursing Management, vol. 4, pp. 289–293, 2016.[Abstract]

Organ transplantation is the moving of an organ from one body to another1. Immunosuppressive drugs reduce the strength of the body’s Immune system, but they do not eliminate the Immune system. The combination of medications and smaller dosage are used to develop a balance between providing enough Immune suppression to avoid rejection and to minimize the side effects. The purpose of the study is to assess the Effectiveness of information booklet on immunosuppressant therapy after organ transplantation among students of health science campus, Kochi. Objectives of the study: 1) Compare the level of knowledge regarding immunosuppressant therapy before and after intervention among students. 2) To find out the association between pre-test level of knowledge regarding immunosuppressant therapy and demographic variables. Methodology: Quantitative approach with experimental research design was adopted for the study. Probability sampling was used to select 80 samples from health sciences campus at Aims, Kochi. The tools used where semi-structured questionnaire to assess the effectiveness of information booklet on Immunosuppressant therapy after organ transplantation. Data were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Major findings: Majority of the students 37(92.5%) in experimental group belongs to the age group of 18-20 years and 34(85%) are females. Half of the students 20(50%) are taken from both Nursing and Pharmacy. Most of the students 21(52.5%) have no previous knowledge in experimental group. The major information regarding immunosuppressant therapy obtained from books 13(32.5%). Most of the students in experimental group 29(72.5%) have average knowledge in pre-test; while in post-test 36(90%) have good knowledge. The mean score on level of knowledge in experimental group was 11.98 in pre-test and 22.45 in post-test, the estimated t-value was 18.194 which is significant at p<0.05. The mean score on post-test level of knowledge between experimental group and control group was 12.68, the calculated t-value was 15.859 which is significant at p<0.001.The association of pre-test level of knowledge with selected demographic variable shows that level of knowledge is significantly associated with gender and professional qualification. Conclusion: Immunosuppressant therapy is essential and effective for the survival of patients after organ transplantation. Those who are dealing with the patients need more and adequate knowledge regarding immunosuppressant therapy. So for improving knowledge on immunosuppressant therapy information booklet is effective.

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D. A, Lekha Viswanath, and T, A. Philip, “Effectiveness of Breast Massage on Expression of Breast Milk among Mothers of Neonates Admitted in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit”, J South Asian Feder Obst Gynae , vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 21-24, 2016.[Abstract]

Massaging the breast may help a postnatal mother to improve breast milk production, alleviate breast engorgement and facilitate breast milk expression. The purpose of the present study was to identify the effect of breast massage on breast milk expression in terms of volume of breast milk expressed, pain during breast milk expression and experience of breast milk expression among mothers of neonates admitted in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).

Materials and methods: The quasi-experimental study was conducted among 30 postnatal mothers whose babies were admitted in NICU, selected as a sample of convenience. The design used was time series research design. After the pretest, breast massage was taught to the mothers by the investigator. Breast massage was performed for 10 minutes prior to each expression. The practice of breast massage and breast milk expression is observed by the investigator using a checklist during the next expression. Volume of breast milk expressed and pain during breast milk expression were assessed three times before and after the intervention using a standardized measuring cup and numerical pain scale respectively. The experience of breast milk expression was assessed before and after intervention using breast milk expression experience measure. Analysis was done using mean, frequency, percentage and paired t-test.

Major findings: The results show that the mean pretest volume of milk expressed in milliliters was 7.33 ± 4.86, which increased to 15.56 ± 8.38 (t = 4.22, p = 0.001) after the intervention. The mean pretest pain score was 7.50 ± 1.42 which decreased to 5.01 ± 1.37 (t = 11.73, p = 0.001) after the intervention. The experience of breast milk expression in post-test 37.6 ± 3.88 was significantly higher than pretest 28.4 ± 4.73 (t = 11.25, p = 0.001).

Conclusion: The study findings conclude that the breast massage is effective in increasing the volume of expressed breast milk, reducing the pain during breast milk expression and improving the experience of breast milk expression.

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M. Anujalekshmi and T, A. Philip, “Knowledge on road safety measures among school children in selected schools, Kottayam.”, International Journal of Advances in Nursing Management , vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 341-344, 2015.[Abstract]

Road safety measures are the methods and measures that are issued to reduce risks of injury, death and harm to drivers, passengers and pedestrians.1 The aim of road safety is to convey information to road users so as to enhance their knowledge on road safety measures, influence their behavior and or prepare them for new safety measures. As adults, we are responsible for young children’s safety around traffic whether they are pedestrians or passengers.2 The aim of the study is to assess the level of knowledge among school children regarding road safety measures and also to find out the association between level of knowledge regarding road safety measures and selected demographic variables.

Using quantitative research approach, descriptive design was used from a total of 100 school children were selected by probability lottery sampling technique from eighth and ninth standards of selected school in Kottayam. Self developed semi structured knowledge questionnaire was used to collect data from school children. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data.

Among 100 school children, 52% of them are pedestrians, 28% of school children uses motor vehicles, 18% uses school bus and only 2% uses cycle as mode of transport. The study result showed that 53% had average knowledge level, 45% had good knowledge and only 2% of the school children had poor knowledge regarding road safety measures. Study findings denoted that there is significant association found between the gender and mode of transport to the school and knowledge regarding road safety measures.

Road traffic accidents are one of the main causes of death and injury to children of school age.3 From the above study findings it was revealed that the school children are aware of road safety measures and had adequate knowledge regarding the road safety measures.

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A. N, Lekha Viswanath, and T, A. Philip, “Assess the Knowledge on Menopausal Self-care among Perimenopausal Women”, Journal of South Asian Federation of Menopause Societies (SAFOMS), vol. 2, pp. 55-58, 2014.[Abstract]

Perimenopause which generally begins more than 5 years before the permanent cessation of menses, it is a time of transition characterized by unstable endocrine physiology and
highly variable, unpredictable hormone profiles. The purpose of the study is to assess the knowledge on menopausal self-care among perimenopausal women in selected wards of Nayarambalam Panchayath, Ernakulam. Quantitative approach with descriptive survey design is used for the study. Sample consists of 120 perimenopausal women of 35 to 50 years, residing in selected wards of Nayarambalam Panchayath, Ernakulam. The knowledge regarding menopausal self-care is poor among 71% of perimenopausal women, average among 28% of perimenopausal women and 1% of them have good knowledge. Mean knowledge score is 8.04, SD is 5.09 and maximum score is 30. No significant association was found between knowledge and variables like age, educational status, family income and menopausal status. Perimenopausal women have inadequate knowledge on menopausal self-care. Findings of the study highlight the need of educational intervention for improving the knowledge of self-care among perimenopausal women.

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A. Philip T, “Effectivness Of Planned Nursing Interventions Among Postnatal Mothers Interms Of Attitude,practice &inter Recti Distance”, vol. 6, 2011.

Publication Type: Conference Paper

Year of Publication Title


A. Philip T, “Breast feeding practices of mothers of Under five children”, in 2nd National Conference on Women Health “ Challenges and Solutions”, Sharada Shakthi, Tilak Ayurved Mahavidyalaya and MES institutes of Health Sciences, Pune, 2015.


A. Philip T, “Practices And Problems Related To Breast Feeding”, in National Conference On Women's Health Challenges & Issues, Pune, 2015.

Poster Presented

  • A Big Fat Crisis : Endometrial Cancer, presented during the International Conference on Obesity: A Multifaceted approach conducted by Amrita College of Nursing ,Kochi , on 1st and 2nd December, 2017.
  • Pickwickian Syndrome, got First Prize at the International Conference on Obesity: A Multifaceted approach conducted by Amrita College of Nursing ,Kochi , on 1st and 2nd December, 2017.
  • Experiences of mothers who underwent abortion at 10th Annual International Conference for emergency medicine. Salem, Tamil Nadu
  • Reducing maternal and neonatal risks during pregnancy at International Conference on Midwives-challenges in emergency maternal and newborn care , Salem, Tamil Nadu

Conference Attended/Conducted

Year Affiliation
2018 Participated in the "Dissemination of ICMR National Ethical Guidelines 2017" conducted by CDSA, Dept of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology, Govt. Of India on 22nd February, 2018 at Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences .
2017 Organising committee member in International conference on Obesity: A Multifaceted approach conducted by Amrita College of Nursing ,Kochi , on 1st and 2nd December, 2017.
2015 Organising committee member in National conference on "Organ Transplant – together, towards tomorrow" organized by Amrita College of Nursing on 20th & 21st November, 2015 .
2014 Participated in workshop on " Evauation strategies " - conducted by KVM College of Nursing ,Cherthala ,Alappuzha ,on 6th & 7th March , 2014
2012 Participated in workshop on " Research skills in Nursing faculty – filling the gaps – conducted by Amrita College of Nursing ,Kochi on 29th November, 2012
2010 Organising committee member in National conference on "Geriatric Nursing – adding life to years & years to life"organized by Amrita College of Nursing on 8th & 9th Sept 2010.
Faculty Research Interest: