Dr. Krishnakumar T. currently serves as Professor at the Department of Head & Neck Surgery, School of Medicine, Kochi.

Qualification : MS (ENT), DNB (Otorhinolarygology), MCh (Head and Neck Surgical Oncology), Fellow - American Head and Neck Society


Publication Type: Journal Article

Year of Publication Title


Girish C. M., Dr. Subramania Iyer K., Dr. Krishnakumar T., GS, G., Dr. Manzoor K., and Shantikumar V Nair, “A Novel Surface Enhanced Raman Catheter for Rapid Detection, Classification, and Grading of Oral Cancer”, Advanced Healthcare Materials, vol. 8, no. 13:e1801557, 2019.[Abstract]

Fabrication and testing of a novel nanostructured surface-enhanced Raman catheter device is reported for rapid detection, classification, and grading of normal, premalignant, and malignant tissues with high sensitivity and accuracy. The sensor part of catheter is formed by a surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrate made up of leaf-like TiO2 nanostructures decorated with 30 nm sized Ag nanoparticles. The device is tested using a total of 37 patient samples wherein SERS signatures of oral tissues consisting of malignant oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), verrucous carcinoma, premalignant leukoplakia, and disease-free conditions are detected and classified with an accuracy of 97.24% within a short detection-cum-processing time of nearly 25-30 min per patient. Neoplastic grade changes detected using this device correlate strongly with conventional pathological data, enabling correct classification of tumors into three grades with an accuracy of 97.84% in OSCC. Thus, the potential of a SERS catheter device as a point-of-care pathological tool is shown for the rapid and accurate detection, classification, and grading of solid tumors.

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S. Vidhyadharan, Augustine, I., Kudpaje, A. S., Dr. Subramania Iyer K., and Dr. Krishnakumar T., “Site-wise Differences in Adequacy of the Surgical resection Margins in Head and Neck Cancers”, Indian journal of surgical oncology, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 227–231, 2014.[Abstract]

Adequacy of surgical resection decided by the margin status is important in attaining a good local control and better survival in Head and neck Cancers. Conventionally, a measured distance between the tumor edge and the cut edge of the specimen is taken as the margin. A margin more than 5 millimeter (mm) is considered clear, less than 5 mm is close and less than one mm is denoted as involved. The concept of this adequacy varies between the different sites and subsites in head and neck. The purpose of this paper is to review the current evidence that describes the adequacy of surgical margin status and their variability among the sites and sub-sites in the head and neck. More »»


A. Sadasivan, Dr. Krishnakumar T., Rajapurkar, M., Shetty, S., Sreehari, S., Iyer, S., and , “Verrucous lesions of the oral cavity treated with surgery: Analysis of clinico-pathologic features and outcome”, Contemporary clinical dentistry, vol. 3, p. 60, 2012.[Abstract]

Verrucous lesions of the oral cavity can be of varied histopathology. The present study evaluates the clinico-pathological features of verrucous lesions of the oral cavity and analyzes the treatment outcomes. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study of 15 consecutive patients who presented with verrucous lesions of the oral cavity, during the 5-year period from January 2006 to December 2010. Demographic, clinico-pathological features, treatment details, and outcomes were analyzed. Results: Fifteen patients with verrucous lesions of the oral cavity were treated with surgery as the primary modality. The mean age was 62.8 years (range 35-85 years). Wide excision of the primary lesion with adequate mucosal and soft-tissue margins was carried out. Free-flap reconstruction was done in eight patients. All patients remain loco-regionally controlled with good functional speech and swallowing outcome. Conclusions: Verrucous lesions of the oral cavity are a distinct clinical entity with varied histopathology. A surgical excision with wide margins and appropriate reconstruction is necessary to optimize the disease and functional outcome More »»