Dr. Vineetha K. currently serves as Assistant Professor in the Department of Public Health Dentistry, Amrita School of Dentistry, Health Sciences Campus, Kochi.

Dr. Vineetha K. completed her BDS in 2013 from R.V.S. Dental College and Hospital, Coimbatore and MDS Public Health Dentistry in 2019 from Amrita School of Dentistry.

She is currently working as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Public Health Dentistry, Amrita School of Dentistry, Kochi. Her specific areas of interest are Dental Public Health, Qualitative and Mixed research methods, Oral Health Promotion among Children, Tobacco initiation and Biostatistics. She is a recipient of ICMR Short Term Studentship in 2011. In 2019 she received travel fellowship from CSIR (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research) and CCSTDS (Centre for co-operation in Sciences & Technology among Developing Societies). She is involved in various outreach and public health programs.

She is actively involved in research and currently serving as a research guide for ICMR STS 2020 candidate. She is a reviewer in reputed dental journals and has 7 publications till date.

Education and Professional Experience

  • August 2019 to Present: Assistant Professor
    Department of Public Health Dentistry, Amrita School of Dentistry


Publication Type: Journal Article

Year of Publication Title


Vineetha Karuveettil, Joseph, J., S, V. Kumar, Sanjeevan, V., Padamadan, H. Joseph, and Varghese, N. Jacob, “The Ominous beginning" Perceptions of Smokeless Tobacco Initiation among the Paniya Tribes of Wayanad: A qualitative Study.”, Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 1615-1622, 2020.[Abstract]

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of tobacco chewing, and related oral mucosal lesions is alarmingly high amongst the Paniya tribes of Wayanad. A deeper understanding of their socio-cultural factors, beliefs, attitudes and behaviours would shed greater insights into the indiscriminate use of smokeless tobacco and related products in this community.

METHODS: Ethnography was the theoretical framework adopted with network and convenience sampling. Fifteen in-depth interviews and two focus group discussions were conducted among the key informants from within the tribal colonies of Cheepram and Madikkunnu. The data was audio recorded and converted into verbatim transcripts. Thematic content analysis was done using an inductive approach performed using computer-assisted qualitative data analysis software (NVivo).

RESULTS: This study is suggestive of parental influence and peer pressure as the key factors for smokeless tobacco initiation amongst the adolescent. There was a greater predisposition for women to be chewers of tobacco, particularly after marriage. The key factors influencing initiation of the habit amongst men include peer pressure and availability of tobacco at workplace. The role of contextual factors such as enculturation, marginalization and perceived health benefits also play a substantial role in development of this habit.

CONCLUSION: Targeted strategies for effective tobacco control can be developed through an understanding of the socio-cultural factors leading to initiation of smokeless tobacco use among disadvantaged communities.

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Chandrashekar Janakiram, Varghese, N., Dr. R. Venkitachalam, Joseph, J., and Vineetha Karuveettil, “Comparison of modified Bass, Fones and normal tooth brushing technique for the efficacy of plaque control in young adults- A randomized clinical trial.”, J Clin Exp Dent, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. e123-e129, 2020.[Abstract]

Background: To compare the anti plaque efficacy of Modified Bass, Fones and Normal brushing techniques in young adults.

Material and Methods: An investigator blinded randomized controlled trial with parallel design was adopted to compare the anti plaque efficacy of three tooth brushing techniques. The study population consisted of 120 dental students aged between 18 and 30 years.

Results: At the baseline, the mean plaque scores were 0.74 ± 0.39, 0.77 ± 0.34 and 0.98 ± 0.36 respectively, for Modified Bass, Fones and Normal brushing technique. After 24 hours without any oral hygiene activity, the plaque scores increased to 1.04 ± 0.30, 1.11 ± 0.32 and 1.21 ± 0.40, respectively. After 1 week of using the intervention, the mean plaque scores were 0.78 ± 0.36, 0.94 ± 0.34 and 1.03 ± 0.43, respectively and increased to 1.13 ± 0.44, 1.14 ± 0.40 and 1.08 ± 0.34 after 28 days. The mean gingival scores were 0.23 ± 0.66, 0.02 ± 0.52 and 0.42 ± 0.74 for Modified Bass, Fones and Normal Brushing technique during baseline visit and after 28 days.

Conclusions: There was a significant reduction in the amount of plaque with the three brushing techniques. Although the short-term outcomes with the Modified Bass method were promising, a long-term effect was not evident. Further, there was no significant difference in plaque control between the three groups. Gingival scores, plaque scores, tooth brushing techniques, young adults.

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Vineetha Karuveettil, S Kumar, V., Chandrashekar Janakiram, and Joseph, J., “Effectiveness of a curriculum-based educational intervention on oral health behavior and dental caries experience among Indian schoolchildren.”, J Educ Health Promot, vol. 9, p. 90, 2020.[Abstract]

BACKGROUND: The high incidence of dental diseases among Indian children can be attributed to low awareness regarding the oral health maintenance. The school health curriculum in India is deficient of an oral health component, and there are no organized oral health programs for schoolchildren existing at present. Therefore, the present study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of an oral health curriculum in improving the oral health behavior and dental caries experience in schoolchildren.

METHODS: A nonrandomized trial with pretest/posttest design was conducted among 600 schoolchildren. Two intervention arms were designed with one group receiving health education from a dental health professional and other from a school teacher. The oral health curriculum was customized for three sections of different age groups (lower primary [LP], upper primary [UP], high school [HS]) and implemented for a period of 1 year. Oral health behaviors were recorded using a Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) questionnaire and were evaluated at baseline, 6 months, and 1 year of the educational intervention. Dental caries experience was measured Pre and Post - intervention using deft and decayed, missing, and filled teeth indices. Descriptive statistics were calculated for continuous data, and the change in KAP scores and dental caries experience was analyzed using the repeated measures of ANOVA, independent -tests, and paired -tests.

RESULTS: There were significant improvements in KAP regarding oral health among Indian schoolchildren. Significant reductions in decayed primary teeth were observed in LP and UP schoolchildren post-intervention. However, there was no significant difference in primary outcome between the two intervention arms.

CONCLUSIONS: A curriculum-based health education intervention customized for different age groups was found to be effective in improving oral health behavior and dental caries experience among Indian schoolchildren.

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J. Joseph, Y Kumar, S., Kumar, V. S., Vineetha Karuveettil, Padamadan, H. Joseph, Malliga, V., and Dr. R. Venkitachalam, “Curbing oral disease burden in India: Recommendations for integrating dentistry into public Health”, Journal of Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry, no. Issue 3, p. Vol. 17, 2019.[Abstract]

To tackle the combined burden of oral diseases and other noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), a comprehensive and integrated approach by focusing on common modifiable risk factors and social determinants is of importance. Experts from the field of dental public health and public health deliberated on finding common grounds for linking oral health and NCDs during theFirst Amrita International Public Health Conference 2018, Kochi. A symposium on oral health - a public health problem, panel discussion on NCD and oral health and a key note lecture on Universal Oral Health Coverage were conducted as a part of the conference. The following are the highlights of the scientific deliberations held during the conference.

Continuing surveillance of levels and patterns of various oral diseases is required for planning and evaluating community-based health promotion. Unfortunately, India has only a single nation-wide oral health survey to date. Therefore, integration of oral health with NCDs prevention program will be successful only if surveillance of oral disease is also concurrently done.[1] Persistent and consequential oral health inequities exist...

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Dr. R. Venkitachalam, Chandrashekar Janakiram, Vinita, S., Joseph, J., Antony, B., Varghese, N., Vineetha Karuveettil, Joseph, H., and Yeturu, S., “Community Health Diagnosis in a Tribal Hamlet-A Case Study from India”, Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, vol. 10, p. 123, 2019.[Abstract]

Community Health Diagnosis in a Tribal Hamlet–A Case Study from IndiaVenkitachalam Ramanarayanan1, Chandrashekar Janakiram2, Vinita Sanjeevan3, Joe Joseph4, Bobby Antony5, Naveen Varghese6, Vineetha K6, Heljo Joseph6, Sravan Kumar Yeturu71Assistant Professor, 2Professor, 3Postgraduate Student, 4Professor and Head of Department, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Amrita School of Dentistry, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, AIMS, Kochi, 5Senior Lecturer, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Royal Dental College, Chalissery PO, Palakkad; 6Postgraduate Student, 7Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Amrita School of Dentistry, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, AIMS, Kochi, Kerala, IndiaABSTRACTThis is an account of a Community Health Diagnosis program conducted in a tribal hamlet in Kerala, More »»


V. Kumar, Vineetha Karuveettil, Joseph, J., Yeturu, S., Rakesh, P. S., and Chandrashekar Janakiram, “Association of Dental Caries and Oral Health Impact Profile in 12-Year-Old School Children: A Cross-Sectional Study”, JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND DIAGNOSTIC RESEARCH, vol. 12, 2018.[Abstract]

Introduction: The healthcare today is undergoing a paradigm shift from biomedical to biopsychosocial approaches. This holds true for dentistry as well, as the ultimate goal of oral health does not mean the mere absence of disease, rather the patients mental and social well-being. Oral health status in children is traditionally assessed by oral examination. But with the emergence of psychosocial factors affecting oral health and vice-versa, it is necessary to assess the subjective component of oral health in order to get a complete picture. Oral health related quality of life questionnaire can be used as a tool for the assessment of the impact of oral health on various dimensions of subjective well-being. Aim: To determine the association between dental caries and oral health impact profile among 12-year-old school children in Ernakulam. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2017 on a representative sample of 281 school children aged 12 years from Ernakulam district. The data regarding caries experience were collected through oral examination using DMFT and deft indices. Oral health related quality of life was evaluated using a self-administered Child Oral Health Impact Profile questionnaire (COHIP). Descriptive statistics were computed for continuous data, whereas for categorical data, the respective frequencies were taken. Pearson’s correlation was used to test the correlation between each domain of questionnaire and decay (D) component of DMFT. Results: The mean COHIP score obtained for this population was 101.58±15.66. The prevalence of dental caries in this population was found to be 71.5%. The mean DMFT and deft scores did not have any significant correlation with the domains of the COHIP questionnaire. The association between the domain school environment and decay component (D) of DMFT was found to be significant (p-value – 0.024). Conclusion: The results are conclusive that dental caries has a negative impact on the oral health related quality of life, thereby leading to loss of school hours and adversely affecting the student’s academic performance. © 2018, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights reserved.

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D. Saravanan, Ramkumar, S., and Vineetha Karuveettil, “Effect of oil pulling with sesame oil on plaque-induced gingivitis: a microbiological study”, Journal of Dent Orofacial Res, vol. 3, pp. 175-180, 2013.


  • Peer J
  • Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
  • Journal Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry

Professional Interest

  • Oral Health Promotion
  • Smokeless tobacco initiation
  • Qualitative and mixed methodology research
  • Questionnaire designing and psychometric analysis
  • Biostatistics

Professional Memberships

Organization for Women in Science for Developing World


  • Research Guide- ICMR Short term Studentship 2020 on perceptions of barriers towards dental appointment keeping – Ongoing.
  • Onsite PI - Oral Health Curriculum for Indian School children (2016-2019) - Results published in JEHP.
  • Onsite PI – Perceptions of Smokeless tobacco initiation among Paniya Tribes Wayanad (2017-2018) – Results published in APJCP
  • Evidence appraiser and subject matter expert for rapid interactive organic review on “Covid evidence for dentists” .

Conferences and Workshops Attended

International Conference

  1. IADR/AADR/CADR 97th General Session, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
  2. 1st Amrita International Public Health Conference, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, 2018.
  3. 2nd Amrita International Public Health Conference, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, 2019.

National Conference

  1. 29th Tamilnadu State Dental Conference Student’s Convention, Tiruchengode, Tamilnadu.
  2. 2nd South Indian Undergraduate Dental Convention, Chennai, Tamilnadu.
  3. National Students Convention, Chennai, Tamilnadu.
  4. 30th Tamilnadu State Dental Conference and Students Convention, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu.
  5. 10th National Post Graduate Convention of Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry, Coorg, Karnataka.
  6. 21st National Conference of Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry, Bhubaneshwar, Orissa.
  7. 2nd state conference of Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry, Kerala Chapter, Kochi.
  8. 22nd National conference of Indian Association of Public Health dentistry, Dhule, Maharashtra.
  9. 11th National Post Graduate Convention of Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry, Puducherry.
  10. 2nd Inter Amrita Research Synergy Day, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi.
  11. 23rd National conference of Indian Association of Public Health dentistry, Dhule, Maharashtra.

Workshops Attended

  1. Focus on peer review by Nature Masterclasses
  2. SAMARTH Qualitative Research Methods and Analysis workshop at Schizophrenia Research Foundation, Chennai.
  3. Social epidemiology workshop at Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi.
  4. Qualitative Research Methods and Data Analysis workshop at Amrita school of dentistry.

Additional Professional Activities

Online Certificate Courses

  • Introduction to the Principles and Practice of Clinical Research course by The National Institutes of Health (NIH) Clinical Centre, U.S.A. (Online Course)
  • Evidence Based Public Health Training Series course conducted by Northwest Centre for Public Health Practice, University of Washington. (Online Course)
  • Health research fundamentals course by National Institute of Epidemiology funded by the Ministry of HRD, Govt. of India. (NPTEL)
  • Introduction to Biostatistics course by Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay funded by the Ministry of HRD, Govt. of India. (NPTEL)
  • Current Regulatory Requirements for Conducting Clinical Trials in India course by Indian Institute of Technology, Madras. (NPTEL)

Field Work

  • Co-investigator, Community health diagnosis program amongst tribals in Kalpetta, Wayanad District, Kerala, 2016.
  • Co-investigator, Oral disease Vulnerability mapping in a tribal hamlet at Wayanad. 2018.
  • Organizer, Amritasmitham Health Promoting School program for tribal school children in Kalpetta, Wayanad District, Kerala, 2017.
  • Organizer, Raksha School screening camp for children with special needs.