COURSE SUMMARY
Course Title: 
Pathophysiology - Theory
Course Code: 
BP204T
Year Taught: 
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Semester: 
2
Degree: 
Undergraduate (UG)
School: 
School of Pharmacy
Campus: 
Kochi

'Pathophysiology - Theory' is a course offered in the second semester of B. Pharm program at School of Pharmacy, Health Sciences campus, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham.

Course Duration: 45 Hours

Scope:

Pathophysiology is the study of causes of diseases and reactions of the body to such disease produc- ing causes.This course is designed to impart a thorough knowledge of the relevant aspects of pathology of various conditions with reference to its pharmacological applications, and understanding of basic patho- physiological mechanisms. Hence it will not only help to study the syllabus of pathology, but also to get baseline knowledge required to practice medicine safely, confidently, rationally and effectively.

Objectives:

Upon completion of the subject student shall be able to

  1. Describe the etiology and pathogenesis of the selected disease states;
  2. Name the signs and symptoms of the diseases; and
  3. Mention the complications of the diseases.

Unit I (10 Hours)

Basic principles of Cell injury and Adaptation: Introduction, definitions, Homeostasis, Components and Types of Feedback systems, Causes of cellu- lar injury,Pathogenesis (Cell membrane damage, Mitochondrial damage, Ribosome damage, Nuclear damage),Morphology of cell injury – Adaptive changes
(Atrophy, Hypertrophy, hyperplasia, Metaplasia, Dysplasia),Cell swelling, Intra cellular accumulation, Calcification, Enzyme leakage and Cell Death Acidosis &Alkalosis,Electrolyte imbalance

Basic mechanism involved in the process of inflammation and repair: Introduction, Clinical signs of inflammation, Different types of Inflammation, Mechanism of In- flammation – Alteration in vascular permeability and blood flow, migration of WBC’s,Mediators of inflammation,Basic principles of wound healing in the skin,Pathophysiology of Atherosclerosis

Unit II (10 Hours)

Cardiovascular System: Hypertension, congestive heart failure, ischemic heart disease (angina, myocardial infarction, athero- sclerosis and arteriosclerosis)

Respiratory system: Asthma, Chronic obstructive airways diseases.

Renal system: Acute and chronic renal failure.

Unit III (10 Hours)

Haematological Diseases: Iron deficiency, megaloblastic anemia (Vit B12 and folic acid), sickle cell anemia, thalasemia, heredi- tary acquired anemia, hemophilia

Endocrine system: Diabetes, thyroid diseases, disorders of sex hormones

Nervous system: Epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, stroke, psychiatric disorders: depression, schizophre- nia and Alzheimer’s disease.

Gastrointestinal system: Peptic Ulcer

Unit IV (08 Hours)

  • Inflammatory bowel diseases, jaundice, hepatitis (A,B,C,D,E,F) alcoholic liver disease.
  • Disease of bones and joints: Rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis and gout
  • Principles of cancer: classification, etiology and pathogenesis of cancer

Unit V (07 Hours)

Infectious diseases: Meningitis,Typhoid, Leprosy, Tuberculosis
Urinary tract infections

Sexually transmitted diseases: AIDS, Syphilis, Gonorrhea

Recommended Books (Latest Editions)

  1. Vinay Kumar, Abul K. Abas, Jon C. Aster; Robbins &Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease; South Asia edition; India; Elsevier; 2014.
  2. HarshMohan; Text book of Pathology; 6th edition; India; Jaypee Publications; 2010.
  3. Laurence B, Bruce C, Bjorn K. ; Goodman Gilman’s The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics; 12th edition; New York; McGraw-Hill; 2011.
  4. Best, Charles Herbert 1899-1978; Taylor, Norman Burke 1885-1972; West, John B (John Burnard); Best and Taylor’s Physiological basis of medical practice; 12th ed; united states;
  5. William and Wilkins, Baltimore;1991 [1990 printing].
  6. Nicki R. Colledge, Brian R. Walker, Stuart H. Ralston;Davidson’s Principles and Practice of Medicine; 21st edition; London; ELBS/Churchill Livingstone; 2010.
  7. Guyton A, John .E Hall; Textbook of Medical Physiology; 12th edition; WB Saunders Company; 2010.
  8. Joseph DiPiro, Robert L. Talbert, Gary Yee, Barbara Wells, L. Michael Posey; Pharmacotherapy: A Pathophysiological Approach; 9th edition; London; McGraw-Hill Medical; 2014.
  9. V. Kumar, R. S. Cotran and S. L. Robbins; Basic Pathology; 6th edition; Philadelphia; WB Saunders Company; 1997.
  10. Roger Walker, Clive Edwards; Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics; 3rd edition; London; Churchill Livingstone publication; 2003.

Recommended Journals

  1. The Journal of Pathology. ISSN: 1096-9896 (Online)
  2. The American Journal of Pathology. ISSN: 0002-9440
  3. Pathology. 1465-3931 (Online)
  4. International Journal of Physiology, Pathophysiology and Pharmacology. ISSN: 1944-8171 (Online)
  5. Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology. ISSN-0377-4929.