COURSE SUMMARY
Course Title: 
Remedial Biology - Theory
Course Code: 
BP106RBT
Year Taught: 
2015
2016
2017
2018
Semester: 
1
Degree: 
Undergraduate (UG)
School: 
School of Pharmacy
Campus: 
Kochi

'Remedial Biology - Theory (30 Hours)' is a course offered in the first semester of B. Pharm program at School of Pharmacy, Health Sciences campus, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham.

Scope:

To learn and understand the components of living world, structure and functional system of plant and animal kingdom.

Objectives:

Upon completion of the course, the student shall be able to

  1. Know the classification and salient features of five kingdoms of life
  2. Understand the basic components of anatomy & physiology of plant
  3. Know understand the basic components of anatomy & physiology animal with special reference to human

Unit I (07 Hours)

Living world:

  • Definition and characters of living organisms
  • Diversity in the living world
  • Binomial nomenclature
  • Five kingdoms of life and basis of classification. Salient features of Monera, Potista, Fungi, Animalia and Plantae, Virus,

Morphology of Flowering plants

  • Morphology of different parts of flowering plants – Root, stem, inflorescence, flower, leaf, fruit, seed.
  • General Anatomy of Root, stem, leaf of monocotyledons & Dicotylidones.

Unit II (07 Hours)

Body fluids and circulation

  • Composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood
  • Composition and functions of lymph
  • Human circulatory system
  • Structure of human heart and blood vessels
  • Cardiac cycle, cardiac output and ECG

Body fluids and circulation

  • Composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood
  • Composition and functions of lymph
  • Human circulatory system
  • Structure of human heart and blood vessels
  • Cardiac cycle, cardiac output and ECG

Digestion and Absorption

  • Human alimentary canal and digestive glands
  • Role of digestive enzymes
  • Digestion, absorption and assimilation of digested food

Breathing and respiration

  • Human respiratory system
  • Mechanism of breathing and its regulation
  • Exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration
  • Respiratory volumes

Unit III (07 Hours)

Excretory products and their elimination

  • Modes of excretion
  • Human excretory system- structure and function
  • Urine formation
  • Rennin angiotensin system

Neural control and coordination

  • Definition and classification of nervous system
  • Structure of a neuron
  • Generation and conduction of nerve impulse
  • Structure of brain and spinal cord
  • Functions of cerebrum, cerebellum, hypothalamus and medulla oblongata

Chemical coordination and regulation

  • Endocrine glands and their secretions
  • Functions of hormones secreted by endocrine glands

Human reproduction

  • Parts of female reproductive system
  • Parts of male reproductive system
  • Spermatogenesis and Oogenesis
  • Menstrual cycle

Unit IV (05 Hours)

Plants and mineral nutrition:

  • Essential mineral, macro and micro nutrients
  • Nitrogen metabolism, Nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation

Photosynthesis

  • Autotrophic nutrition, photosynthesis, Photosynthetic pigments, Factors affecting photosynthesis.

Unit V (04 Hours)

Plant respiration: Respiration, glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic).

Plant growth and development

  • Phases and rate of plant growth, Condition of growth,Introduction to plant growth regulators

Cell - The unit of life

  • Structure and functions of cell and cell organelles.Cell division

Tissues

  • Definition, types of tissues, location and functions.

Text Books

  • Text book of Biology by S. B. Gokhale
  • A Text book of Biology by Dr. Thulajappa and Dr. Seetaram.

Reference Books

  • Text book of Biology by B.V. Sreenivasa Naidu
  • A Text book of Biology by Naidu and Murthy
  • Botany for Degree students By A.C.Dutta.
  • Outlines of Zoology byM. Ekambaranatha ayyer and T. N. Ananthakrishnan.
  • Botany for Degree students By A.C.Dutta.
  • Outlines of Zoology byM. Ekambaranatha ayyer and T. N. Ananthakrishnan.
  • A manual for pharmaceutical biology practical by S.B. Gokhale and C. K. Kokate