COURSE SUMMARY
Course Title: 
Dietary Supplements and Nutraceuticals - Theory
Course Code: 
BP812 ET
Year Taught: 
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Semester: 
8
Degree: 
Undergraduate (UG)
School: 
School of Pharmacy
Campus: 
Kochi

'Advanced Instrumentation Techniques' is a course offered in the eighth semester of B. Pharm program at School of Pharmacy, Health Sciences campus, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham.

Course Duration: 45 Hours

Scope:

This subject covers foundational topic that are important for understanding the need and requirements of dietary supplements among different groups in the population.

Objectives:

This module aims to provide an understanding of the concepts behind the theoretical applications of di- etary supplements. By the end of the course, students shall be able to :

  1. Understand the need of supplements by the different group of people to maintain healthy life.
  2. Understand the outcome of deficiencies in dietary supplements.
  3. Appreciate the components in dietary supplements and the application.
  4. Appreciate the regulatory and commercial aspects of dietary supplements including health claims.

Unit I (07 Hours)

  1. Definitions of Functional foods, Nutraceuticals and Dietary supplements. Classification of Nu- traceuticals, Health problems and diseases that can be prevented or cured by Nutraceuticals i.e. weight control, diabetes, cancer, heart disease, stress, osteoarthritis, hypertension etc.
  2. Public health nutrition, maternal and child nutrition, nutrition and ageing, nutrition education in community.
  3. Source, Name of marker compounds and their chemical nature, Medicinal uses and health ben- efits of following used as nutraceuticals/functional foods: Spirulina, Soyabean, Ginseng, Garlic, Broccoli, Gingko, Flaxseeds

Unit II (10 Hours)

Phytochemicals as nutraceuticals: Occurrence and characteristic features (chemical nature medicinal benefits) of following

  1. Carotenoids- α and β-Carotene, Lycopene, Xanthophylls, leutin
  2. Sulfides: Diallyl sulfides, Allyl trisulfide.
  3. Polyphenolics: Reservetrol
  4. Flavonoids- Rutin , Naringin, Quercitin, Anthocyanidins, catechins, Flavones
  5. Prebiotics / Probiotics.: Fructo oligosaccharides, Lacto bacillum
  6. Phyto estrogens : Isoflavones, daidzein, Geebustin, lignans
  7. Tocopherols
  8. Proteins, vitamins, minerals, cereal, vegetables and beverages as functional foods: oats, wheat bran, rice bran, sea foods, coffee, tea and the like.

Unit III (10 Hours)

  1. Introduction to free radicals: Free radicals, reactive oxygen species, production of free radicals in cells, damaging reactions of free radicals on lipids, proteins, Carbohydrates, nucleic acids.
  2. Dietary fibres and complex carbohydrates as functional food ingredients..

Unit IV (08 Hours)

  1. Free radicals in Diabetes mellitus, Inflammation, Ischemic reperfusion injury, Cancer, Athero- sclerosis, Free radicals in brain metabolism and pathology, kidney damage, muscle damage. Free radicals involvement in other disorders. Free radicals theory of ageing.
  2. Antioxidants: Endogenous antioxidants – enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidant defence, Superoxide dismutase, catalase, Glutathione peroxidase, Glutathione Vitamin C, Vitamin E, α- Lipoic acid, melatonin Synthetic antioxidants: Butylated hydroxy Toluene, Butylated hydroxy Anisole.
  3. Functional foods for chronic disease prevention

Unit V (07 Hours)

  1. Effect of processing, storage and interactions of various environmental factors on the potential of nutraceuticals.
  2. Regulatory Aspects; FSSAI, FDA, FPO, MPO, AGMARK. HACCP and GMPs on Food Safety. Adulteration of foods.
  3. Pharmacopoeial Specifications for dietary supplements and nutraceuticals.

Recommended Books (Latest Editions)

  1. Dietetics by Sri Lakshmi
  2. Role of dietary fibres and neutraceuticals in preventing diseases by K.T Agusti and P.Faizal: BSPunblication.
  3. Advanced Nutritional Therapies by Cooper. K.A., (1996).
  4. The Food Pharmacy by Jean Carper, Simon & Schuster, UK Ltd., (1988).
  5. Prescription for Nutritional Healing by James F.Balch and Phyllis A.Balch 2nd Edn., Avery Pub- lishing Group, NY (1997).
  6. G. Gibson and C.williams Editors 2000 Functional foods Woodhead Publ.Co.London.
  7. Goldberg, I. Functional Foods. 1994. Chapman and Hall, New York.
  8. Labuza, T.P. 2000 Functional Foods and Dietary Supplements: Safety, Good Manufacturing Practice (GMPs) and Shelf Life Testing in Essentials of Functional Foods M.K. Sachmidl and T.P. Labuza eds. Aspen Press.
  9. Handbook of Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods, Third Edition (Modern Nutrition)
  10. Shils, ME, Olson, JA, Shike, M. 1994 Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease. Eighth edition. Lea and Febiger