Introduction to binary distillation – The concept of K-factor; Multi-component distillation – Design, Models for multi-component design; Design of distillation columns for more than one feed stream; Pressure drop and tray-efficiency calculations.
Nature of Synthetic Membranes, General membrane Equation, Cross-Flow Microfiltration, Ultrafiltration, Reverse Osmosis, Membrane Modules and Plant Configuration, Membrane Fouling, Electrodialysis, Reverse Osmosis Water Treatment Plant, Pervaporation, Liquid Membranes.
Gas Separations - Chromatographic Separations: Elution Chromatography, Band Broadening and Separation Efficiency, Types of Chromatography, Large Scale Elution Chromatography, Selective Adsorption of Proteins, Simulated Countercurrent Techniques, Pressure Swing Adsorption.
Combined Reaction and Separation, Comparison with other Separation Techniques - Ionic Separations: Ion Exchange Resins, Resin Capacity, Equilibrium, Exchange Kinetics; Ion Exchange Equipments - Other Techniques: Supercritical Fluid Extraction, Oil Spill Management; Industrial Effluent Treatment by Modern Techniques. Reactive Extraction, Reactive Distillation.