Principles of architectural design: Factors influencing architectural development – characteristic features of style – historic examples – creative principles. Principles of architectural composition – Unity – balance – proportion – scale – rhythm – harmony – Accentuation and contrast.
Organising principles in architecture – Symmetry – hierarchy – axis – linear – concentric, radial – and asymmetric grouping – primary and secondary masses. Role of colour, texture, shapes/ forms in architecture.
Architectural space and mass, visual and emotional effects of geometric forms; activity space and tolerance space. Forms related to materials and structural systems. Architecture as part of the environment.