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Course Detail

Course Name Exploring Science and Technology in Ancient India
Course Code 19CUL232
Program B. Tech. in Computer and Communication Engineering
Year Taught 2019


Unit 1

1. General introduction: principles followed and sources;

2. Astronomy & mathematics from the Neolithic to the Indus civilization;

3. Astronomy & mathematics in Vedic literature;

4. Vedanga Jyotisha and the first Indian calendars;

5. Shulba Sutras and the foundations of Indian geometry;

Unit 2

1. Astronomy & mathematics in Jain and Buddhist literature;

2. The transition to the Siddhantic period; Aryabhata and his time;

3. The Aryabhatiya: concepts, content, commentaries;

4. Brahmagupta and his advances;

5. Other great Siddhantic savants;

6. Bhaskara II and his advances;

Unit 3

1. The Kerala school of mathematics;

2. The Kerala school of astronomy;

3. Did Indian science die out?;

4. Overview of recent Indian scientists, from S. Ramanujan onward;

5. Conclusion: assessment and discussion;

Textbook / References


  1. Indian Mathematics and Astronomy: Some Landmarks, by S. Balachandra Rao


  1. IFIH’s interactive multimedia DVD on Science & Technology in Ancient India.

Evaluation Pattern

Assessment Internal External
Periodical 1 (P1) 15
Periodical 2 (P2) 15
*Continuous Assessment (CA) 20
End Semester 50
*CA – Can be Quizzes, Assignment, Projects, and Reports.



This course offers a journey of exploration through the early developments in India of astronomy, mathematics, technologies and perspectives of the physical world. With the help of many case studies, the students will be equipped to understand concepts as well as actual techniques.

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