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Course Detail

Course Name Ground Water Hydrology
Course Code 15CVL455
Program B. Tech. in Civil Engineering
Year Taught 2019


Unit 1

Occurrence of ground water: origin – rock properties affecting ground water vertical distribution – geologic formations as aquifers – types of aquifers – aquifer parameters – ground water basins – springs – Laplace equation – potential flow lines – flow net – flownet for anisotropic soils – seepage under a dam – groundwater contours – determination of flow direction – steady unidirectional flows in aquifers – confined and unconfined – aquifer with percolation – steady radial flow towards a well – well in uniform flow – steady flow with uniform discharge – partially penetrating wells – steady flow in leaky aquifer.

Unit 2

Unsteady flow – general equation – Cartesian and polar coordinate – unsteady radial flow in to a well – confined, unconfined and leaky aquifers – multiple well system – pumping tests – non-equilibrium equation for pumping tests – Thies’ method – Jacob method – Chow’s method – characteristics well losses – step draw down test – well near aquifer boundaries – determination of boundaries from pumping test. Image wellsfor various boundary conditions – Cavity well and open well – yield tests – pumping and recuperation test.

Unit 3

Tube wells: design – screened wells – gravel packed wells – well loss – selection of screen size – yield of a well – test holes – well logs – methods of construction – dug wells – shallow tube wells – deep wells – gravity wells – drilling in rocks – screen installation – well completion – well development – testing wells for yield – collector – or radial wells – infiltration galleries – well point system – failure of tube wells.

Ground water investigation methods.

Text Books

  1. Raghunath, H. M., “Ground Water”, New Age International, 2007.
  2. Karanth, K. “Groundwater Assessment, Development and Management”, Tata McGraw Hill, 2003.


  • Todd, D. K. and Mays. L. W., “Ground Water Hydrology”, Wiley India, 2011.
  • Garg S. P., “Ground Water and Tube wells”, Oxford & IBH, 1993.
  • Raghunath H. M., “Hydrology: Principles, Analysis and Design”, New Age International Publishers, 2006.

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