Publication Type : Conference Paper
Thematic Areas : Automotive Research & Technology Centre
Publisher : IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering,
Source : IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Volume 310, Issue 1, p.012117 (2018)
Url : http://stacks.iop.org/1757-899X/310/i=1/a=012117
Campus : Coimbatore
School : school of Electrical Engineering, School of Engineering
Center : Automotive Center
Department : Mechanical Engineering, Sciences
Year : 2018
Abstract : This paper presents an experimental study on heat transfer using nanofluid as coolants in engines. Previous studies shows that Al 2 O 3 is found to be more effective in heat transfer due to its high conductive property which is found to increase with concentration. Particles having diameter in the range 10 -3 to 10 -6 m have low thermal conductivities and cause clogging in the flow section along with significant friction and are highly unstable in solution. Nanoparticles on the other hand are easily dispersed and cause minimal clogging or friction in the flow. In the present work, ethylene glycol-water solution is taken as a base fluid for nanoparticle dispersion. The ratio of water to ethylene glycol used is 80:20 and it has been noted out that heat conduction improved with increasing fraction of ethylene glycol. The experiments were conducted with flow rate of 4,5,6 and 7 L/min and the air flow rate inside the duct was kept constant at 4.9 m/s. The temperature of water in the reservoir is kept at 70°C. The nanoparticles used in this experiment are Cu and TiO 2 having particle size less than 80nm. Result shows that there is an improvement of 24.5% in the overall heat transfer coefficient and there was also an increase of 13.9% in the heat transfer rate compared to the base fluid (80:20 Water: EG solution).
Cite this Research Publication : R. Harsh, Hitish Srivastav, Prabhat Balakrishnan, Vivek Saini, Senthilkumar D., Dr. Rajni K. S., and Dr. Thirumalini S., “Study of Heat Transfer Characteristics of Nanofluids in an Automotive Radiator”, in IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2018, vol. 310, no. 1, p. 012117.